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A Closer Look at Ripple's Distribution of XRP

I consider myself to be an informed member of the XRP community. I have a Twitter feed of all the prominent personalities/researchers to keep tabs on the news. I watch the metrics on utility-scan.com daily and even wrote a calculator to help understand what ODL is doing over time. I regularly check in on global metrics like volume, wallet openings, and the distribution of XRP within wallets.
Up until recently, if you asked me to explain how XRP is distributed out to the public, I would point you to two resources. The first is an article on XRPArcade explaining how Jed McCaleb's XRP sales are structured (not the topic of this post). The other place would be the XRP Markets Reports provided quarterly by Ripple. There you would understand that for the past year Ripple has increasingly slowed the sales of XRP and only is selling in small amounts to facilitate liquidity in markets. Based on this data, I've seen discussions on /cryptocurrency and elsewhere claiming that XRP's inflation rate is lower than Bitcoins and is near 0. Based on publicly provided data I've realized that this is not the case. XRP's distribution rate is very different than the impression painted by the XRP Markets Reports.
TLDR; Ripple is trying to paint a narrative that very little XRP is entering the market. In reality sales of XRP are very low, but XRP entering circulation remains much higher from an inflationary perspective and that rate has remained relatively unchanged from 2016 onward.
Before I dive into the data, I'd like to take a brief pause and state that in no way am I writing this to be FUD. Clear and accurate data is extremely important to me. Much of the recent community conversation has revolved around hopium and dot connecting that is unverified. It's a public ledger, but most people don't take the time to track the numbers. I'm hoping to shed more light on these important factors since there is no doubt that XRP's rate of distribution can effect the price. Ok, soapbox over.
I first was clued in that something was off while listening to a SamIAm video here. Basically Sam is calling out Ripple over their Q1 Markets Report because they didn't mention around $18 million of XRP paid to MoneyGram. Now technically this isn't a sale of XRP, but it's convenient to leave out and we would only know that this was happening because the SEC forced MoneyGram to report it on their Quarterly Investor Report.
Next I was scratching my head over a data discrepancy. Tether flipped XRP on LiveCoinWatch weeks before the other tracking sites like CoinGecko and CoinMarketCap. Upon closer inspection I realized that all these sites retrieve the XRP circulating supply from a single API call and LiveCoinWatch had coded their site incorrectly. They were pulling the XRP numbers from last year.
The API is here and anyone can checkout the data: https://data.ripple.com/v2/network/xrp_distribution. I believe that there is a companion private API Ripple uses to power their pie chart here: https://ripple.com/xrp/market-performance. Notice that the market performance (at the time of this posting) is for May 17th while the public API only goes to April. I don't know why Ripple hasn't updated the public API in a month. Since the public API has a history of postings you can go back and track the "distributed" tag all the way back to the middle of 2016. Here's what I found.
XRP Released into Circulation Yearly Inflationary Rate
2016 (starts mid year) 1,229,851,071 3.5%
2017 2,667,133,033 7.34%
2018 2,035,094,018 5.22%
2019 2,325,833,516 5.67%
2020 (May 1st) 773,689,933 1.78%
2020 End (at current rate) 2,321,069,799 5.35%
The 2016 data starts halfway through the year, so you can make an educated backfill guess for that year's number as well. Ripple has been distributing between 2 and 2.6 billion XRP a year with 2017 being a the high watermark. Interestingly the number distributed in 2019 is not that much different in spite of Ripple touting significantly reduced sales for almost the whole year.
So lets talk about the term "XRP Distributed" versus "XRP Sales" obviously Ripple is providing the data for both stats, but they only talk about sales in the markets reports. Distribution is a much wider term. It can include things like "Business Development" like MoneyGram discussed above. It could be compensation incentives given to Ripple employees. Xpring is known to fund investments using XRP. All of these items aren't reported because they are not sales. Even with some generous guesses to the above categories, I have no idea what Ripple is really doing with the XRP in 2020 if they're not selling it. Even factoring in about 90 million XRP given to MoneyGram, there's still a significant amount distributed and I would love some opinions on what they think Ripple is doing with this XRP.
Some takeaways for me:
submitted by RetirePerspired to Ripple [link] [comments]

RESEARCH REPORT ABOUT KYBER NETWORK

RESEARCH REPORT ABOUT KYBER NETWORK
Author: Gamals Ahmed, CoinEx Business Ambassador

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ABSTRACT

In this research report, we present a study on Kyber Network. Kyber Network is a decentralized, on-chain liquidity protocol designed to make trading tokens simple, efficient, robust and secure.
Kyber design allows any party to contribute to an aggregated pool of liquidity within each blockchain while providing a single endpoint for takers to execute trades using the best rates available. We envision a connected liquidity network that facilitates seamless, decentralized cross-chain token swaps across Kyber based networks on different chains.
Kyber is a fully on-chain liquidity protocol that enables decentralized exchange of cryptocurrencies in any application. Liquidity providers (Reserves) are integrated into one single endpoint for takers and users. When a user requests a trade, the protocol will scan the entire network to find the reserve with the best price and take liquidity from that particular reserve.

1.INTRODUCTION

DeFi applications all need access to good liquidity sources, which is a critical component to provide good services. Currently, decentralized liquidity is comprised of various sources including DEXes (Uniswap, OasisDEX, Bancor), decentralized funds and other financial apps. The more scattered the sources, the harder it becomes for anyone to either find the best rate for their trade or to even find enough liquidity for their need.
Kyber is a blockchain-based liquidity protocol that aggregates liquidity from a wide range of reserves, powering instant and secure token exchange in any decentralized application.
The protocol allows for a wide range of implementation possibilities for liquidity providers, allowing a wide range of entities to contribute liquidity, including end users, decentralized exchanges and other decentralized protocols. On the taker side, end users, cryptocurrency wallets, and smart contracts are able to perform instant and trustless token trades at the best rates available amongst the sources.
The Kyber Network is project based on the Ethereum protocol that seeks to completely decentralize the exchange of crypto currencies and make exchange trustless by keeping everything on the blockchain.
Through the Kyber Network, users should be able to instantly convert or exchange any crypto currency.

1.1 OVERVIEW ABOUT KYBER NETWORK PROTOCOL

The Kyber Network is a decentralized way to exchange ETH and different ERC20 tokens instantly — no waiting and no registration needed.
Using this protocol, developers can build innovative payment flows and applications, including instant token swap services, ERC20 payments, and financial DApps — helping to build a world where any token is usable anywhere.
Kyber’s fully on-chain design allows for full transparency and verifiability in the matching engine, as well as seamless composability with DApps, not all of which are possible with off-chain or hybrid approaches. The integration of a large variety of liquidity providers also makes Kyber uniquely capable of supporting sophisticated schemes and catering to the needs of DeFi DApps and financial institutions. Hence, many developers leverage Kyber’s liquidity pool to build innovative financial applications, and not surprisingly, Kyber is the most used DeFi protocol in the world.
The Kyber Network is quite an established project that is trying to change the way we think of decentralised crypto currency exchange.
The Kyber Network has seen very rapid development. After being announced in May 2017 the testnet for the Kyber Network went live in August 2017. An ICO followed in September 2017, with the company raising 200,000 ETH valued at $60 million in just one day.
The live main net was released in February 2018 to whitelisted participants, and on March 19, 2018, the Kyber Network opened the main net as a public beta. Since then the network has seen increasing growth, with network volumes growing more than 500% in the first half of 2019.
Although there was a modest decrease in August 2019 that can be attributed to the price of ETH dropping by 50%, impacting the overall total volumes being traded and processed globally.
They are developing a decentralised exchange protocol that will allow developers to build payment flows and financial apps. This is indeed quite a competitive market as a number of other such protocols have been launched.
In Brief - Kyber Network is a tool that allows anyone to swap tokens instantly without having to use exchanges. - It allows vendors to accept different types of cryptocurrency while still being paid in their preferred crypto of choice. - It’s built primarily for Ethereum, but any smart-contract based blockchain can incorporate it.
At its core, Kyber is a decentralized way to exchange ETH and different ERC20 tokens instantly–no waiting and no registration needed. To do this Kyber uses a diverse set of liquidity pools, or pools of different crypto assets called “reserves” that any project can tap into or integrate with.
A typical use case would be if a vendor allowed customers to pay in whatever currency they wish, but receive the payment in their preferred token. Another example would be for Dapp users. At present, if you are not a token holder of a certain Dapp you can’t use it. With Kyber, you could use your existing tokens, instantly swap them for the Dapp specific token and away you go.
All this swapping happens directly on the Ethereum blockchain, meaning every transaction is completely transparent.

1.1.1 WHY BUILD THE KYBER NETWORK?

While crypto currencies were built to be decentralized, many of the exchanges for trading crypto currencies have become centralized affairs. This has led to security vulnerabilities, with many exchanges becoming the victims of hacking and theft.
It has also led to increased fees and costs, and the centralized exchanges often come with slow transfer times as well. In some cases, wallets have been locked and users are unable to withdraw their coins.
Decentralized exchanges have popped up recently to address the flaws in the centralized exchanges, but they have their own flaws, most notably a lack of liquidity, and often times high costs to modify trades in their on-chain order books.

Some of the Integrations with Kyber Protocol
The Kyber Network was formed to provide users with a decentralized exchange that keeps everything right on the blockchain, and uses a reserve system rather than an order book to provide high liquidity at all times. This will allow for the exchange and transfer of any cryptocurrency, even cross exchanges, and costs will be kept at a minimum as well.
The Kyber Network has three guiding design philosophies since the start:
  1. To be most useful the network needs to be platform-agnostic, which allows any protocol or application the ability to take advantage of the liquidity provided by the Kyber Network without any impact on innovation.
  2. The network was designed to make real-world commerce and decentralized financial products not only possible but also feasible. It does this by allowing for instant token exchange across a wide range of tokens, and without any settlement risk.
  3. The Kyber Network was created with ease of integration as a priority, which is why everything runs fully on-chain and fully transparent. Kyber is not only developer-friendly, but is also compatible with a wide variety of systems.

1.1.2 WHO INVENTED KYBER?

Kyber’s founders are Loi Luu, Victor Tran, Yaron Velner — CEO, CTO, and advisor to the Kyber Network.

1.1.3 WHAT DISTINGUISHES KYBER?

Kyber’s mission has always been to integrate with other protocols so they’ve focused on being developer-friendly by providing architecture to allow anyone to incorporate the technology onto any smart-contract powered blockchain. As a result, a variety of different dapps, vendors, and wallets use Kyber’s infrastructure including Set Protocol, bZx, InstaDApp, and Coinbase wallet.
Besides, dapps, vendors, and wallets, Kyber also integrates with other exchanges such as Uniswap — sharing liquidity pools between the two protocols.
A typical use case would be if a vendor allowed customers to pay in whatever currency they wish, but receive the payment in their preferred token. Another example would be for Dapp users. At present, if you are not a token holder of a certain Dapp you can’t use it. With Kyber, you could use your existing tokens, instantly swap them for the Dapp specific token and away you go.
Limit orders on Kyber allow users to set a specific price in which they would like to exchange a token instead of accepting whatever price currently exists at the time of trading. However, unlike with other exchanges, users never lose custody of their crypto assets during limit orders on Kyber.
The Kyber protocol works by using pools of crypto funds called “reserves”, which currently support over 70 different ERC20 tokens. Reserves are essentially smart contracts with a pool of funds. Different parties with different prices and levels of funding control all reserves. Instead of using order books to match buyers and sellers to return the best price, the Kyber protocol looks at all the reserves and returns the best price among the different reserves. Reserves make money on the “spread” or differences between the buying and selling prices. The Kyber wants any token holder to easily convert one token to another with a minimum of fuss.

1.2 KYBER PROTOCOL

The protocol smart contracts offer a single interface for the best available token exchange rates to be taken from an aggregated liquidity pool across diverse sources. ● Aggregated liquidity pool. The protocol aggregates various liquidity sources into one liquidity pool, making it easy for takers to find the best rates offered with one function call. ● Diverse sources of liquidity. The protocol allows different types of liquidity sources to be plugged into. Liquidity providers may employ different strategies and different implementations to contribute liquidity to the protocol. ● Permissionless. The protocol is designed to be permissionless where any developer can set up various types of reserves, and any end user can contribute liquidity. Implementations need to take into consideration various security vectors, such as reserve spamming, but can be mitigated through a staking mechanism. We can expect implementations to be permissioned initially until the maintainers are confident about these considerations.
The core feature that the Kyber protocol facilitates is the token swap between taker and liquidity sources. The protocol aims to provide the following properties for token trades: ● Instant Settlement. Takers do not have to wait for their orders to be fulfilled, since trade matching and settlement occurs in a single blockchain transaction. This enables trades to be part of a series of actions happening in a single smart contract function. ● Atomicity. When takers make a trade request, their trade either gets fully executed, or is reverted. This “all or nothing” aspect means that takers are not exposed to the risk of partial trade execution. ● Public rate verification. Anyone can verify the rates that are being offered by reserves and have their trades instantly settled just by querying from the smart contracts. ● Ease of integration. Trustless and atomic token trades can be directly and easily integrated into other smart contracts, thereby enabling multiple trades to be performed in a smart contract function.
How each actor works is specified in Section Network Actors. 1. Takers refer to anyone who can directly call the smart contract functions to trade tokens, such as end-users, DApps, and wallets. 2. Reserves refer to anyone who wishes to provide liquidity. They have to implement the smart contract functions defined in the reserve interface in order to be registered and have their token pairs listed. 3. Registered reserves refer to those that will be cycled through for matching taker requests. 4. Maintainers refer to anyone who has permission to access the functions for the adding/removing of reserves and token pairs, such as a DAO or the team behind the protocol implementation. 5. In all, they comprise of the network, which refers to all the actors involved in any given implementation of the protocol.
The protocol implementation needs to have the following: 1. Functions for takers to check rates and execute the trades 2. Functions for the maintainers to registeremove reserves and token pairs 3. Reserve interface that defines the functions reserves needs to implement
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1.3 KYBER CORE SMART CONTRACTS

Kyber Core smart contracts is an implementation of the protocol that has major protocol functions to allow actors to join and interact with the network. For example, the Kyber Core smart contracts provide functions for the listing and delisting of reserves and trading pairs by having clear interfaces for the reserves to comply to be able to register to the network and adding support for new trading pairs. In addition, the Kyber Core smart contracts also provide a function for takers to query the best rate among all the registered reserves, and perform the trades with the corresponding rate and reserve. A trading pair consists of a quote token and any other token that the reserve wishes to support. The quote token is the token that is either traded from or to for all trades. For example, the Ethereum implementation of the Kyber protocol uses Ether as the quote token.
In order to search for the best rate, all reserves supporting the requested token pair will be iterated through. Hence, the Kyber Core smart contracts need to have this search algorithm implemented.
The key functions implemented in the Kyber Core Smart Contracts are listed in Figure 2 below. We will visit and explain the implementation details and security considerations of each function in the Specification Section.

1.4 HOW KYBER’S ON-CHAIN PROTOCOL WORKS?

Kyber is the liquidity infrastructure for decentralized finance. Kyber aggregates liquidity from diverse sources into a pool, which provides the best rates for takers such as DApps, Wallets, DEXs, and End users.

1.4.1 PROVIDING LIQUIDITY AS A RESERVE

Anyone can operate a Kyber Reserve to market make for profit and make their tokens available for DApps in the ecosystem. Through an open reserve architecture, individuals, token teams and professional market makers can contribute token assets to Kyber’s liquidity pool and earn from the spread in every trade. These tokens become available at the best rates across DApps that tap into the network, making them instantly more liquid and useful.
MAIN RESERVE TYPES Kyber currently has over 45 reserves in its network providing liquidity. There are 3 main types of reserves that allow different liquidity contribution options to suit the unique needs of different providers. 1. Automated Price Reserves (APR) — Allows token teams and users with large token holdings to have an automated yet customized pricing system with low maintenance costs. Synthetix and Melon are examples of teams that run APRs. 2. Fed Price Reserves (FPR) — Operated by professional market makers that require custom and advanced pricing strategies tailored to their specific needs. Kyber alongside reserves such as OneBit, runs FPRs. 3. Bridge Reserves (BR) — These are specialized reserves meant to bring liquidity from other on-chain liquidity providers like Uniswap, Oasis, DutchX, and Bancor into the network.

1.5 KYBER NETWORK ROLES

There Kyber Network functions through coordination between several different roles and functions as explained below: - Users — This entity uses the Kyber Network to send and receive tokens. A user can be an individual, a merchant, and even a smart contract account. - Reserve Entities — This role is used to add liquidity to the platform through the dynamic reserve pool. Some reserve entities are internal to the Kyber Network, but others may be registered third parties. Reserve entities may be public if the public contributes to the reserves they hold, otherwise they are considered private. By allowing third parties as reserve entities the network adds diversity, which prevents monopolization and keeps exchange rates competitive. Allowing third party reserve entities also allows for the listing of less popular coins with lower volumes. - Reserve Contributors — Where reserve entities are classified as public, the reserve contributor is the entity providing reserve funds. Their incentive for doing so is a profit share from the reserve. - The Reserve Manager — Maintains the reserve, calculates exchange rates and enters them into the network. The reserve manager profits from exchange spreads set by them on their reserves. They can also benefit from increasing volume by accessing the entire Kyber Network. - The Kyber Network Operator — Currently the Kyber Network team is filling the role of the network operator, which has a function to adds/remove Reserve Entities as well as controlling the listing of tokens. Eventually, this role will revert to a proper decentralized governance.

1.6 BASIC TOKEN TRADE

A basic token trade is one that has the quote token as either the source or destination token of the trade request. The execution flow of a basic token trade is depicted in the diagram below, where a taker would like to exchange BAT tokens for ETH as an example. The trade happens in a single blockchain transaction. 1. Taker sends 1 ETH to the protocol contract, and would like to receive BAT in return. 2. Protocol contract queries the first reserve for its ETH to BAT exchange rate. 3. Reserve 1 offers an exchange rate of 1 ETH for 800 BAT. 4. Protocol contract queries the second reserve for its ETH to BAT exchange rate. 5. Reserve 2 offers an exchange rate of 1 ETH for 820 BAT. 6. This process goes on for the other reserves. After the iteration, reserve 2 is discovered to have offered the best ETH to BAT exchange rate. 7. Protocol contract sends 1 ETH to reserve 2. 8. The reserve sends 820 BAT to the taker.

1.7 TOKEN-TO-TOKEN TRADE

A token-to-token trade is one where the quote token is neither the source nor the destination token of the trade request. The exchange flow of a token to token trade is depicted in the diagram below, where a taker would like to exchange BAT tokens for DAI as an example. The trade happens in a single blockchain transaction. 1. Taker sends 50 BAT to the protocol contract, and would like to receive DAI in return. 2. Protocol contract sends 50 BAT to the reserve offering the best BAT to ETH rate. 3. Protocol contract receives 1 ETH in return. 4. Protocol contract sends 1 ETH to the reserve offering the best ETH to DAI rate. 5. Protocol contract receives 30 DAI in return. 6. Protocol contract sends 30 DAI to the user.

2.KYBER NETWORK CRYSTAL (KNC) TOKEN

Kyber Network Crystal (KNC) is an ERC-20 utility token and an integral part of Kyber Network.
KNC is the first deflationary staking token where staking rewards and token burns are generated from actual network usage and growth in DeFi.
The Kyber Network Crystal (KNC) is the backbone of the Kyber Network. It works to connect liquidity providers and those who need liquidity and serves three distinct purposes. The first of these is to collect transaction fees, and a portion of every fee collected is burned, which keeps KNC deflationary. Kyber Network Crystals (KNC), are named after the crystals in Star Wars used to power light sabers.
The KNC also ensures the smooth operation of the reserve system in the Kyber liquidity since entities must use third-party tokens to buy the KNC that pays for their operations in the network.
KNC allows token holders to play a critical role in determining the incentive system, building a wide base of stakeholders, and facilitating economic flow in the network. A small fee is charged each time a token exchange happens on the network, and KNC holders get to vote on this fee model and distribution, as well as other important decisions. Over time, as more trades are executed, additional fees will be generated for staking rewards and reserve rebates, while more KNC will be burned. - Participation rewards — KNC holders can stake KNC in the KyberDAO and vote on key parameters. Voters will earn staking rewards (in ETH) - Burning — Some of the network fees will be burned to reduce KNC supply permanently, providing long-term value accrual from decreasing supply. - Reserve incentives — KNC holders determine the portion of network fees that are used as rebates for selected liquidity providers (reserves) based on their volume performance.

Finally, the KNC token is the connection between the Kyber Network and the exchanges, wallets, and dApps that leverage the liquidity network. This is a virtuous system since entities are rewarded with referral fees for directing more users to the Kyber Network, which helps increase adoption for Kyber and for the entities using the Network.
And of course there will soon be a fourth and fifth uses for the KNC, which will be as a staking token used to generate passive income, as well as a governance token used to vote on key parameters of the network.
The Kyber Network Crystal (KNC) was released in a September 2017 ICO at a price around $1. There were 226,000,000 KNC minted for the ICO, with 61% sold to the public. The remaining 39% are controlled 50/50 by the company and the founders/advisors, with a 1 year lockup period and 2 year vesting period.
Currently, just over 180 million coins are in circulation, and the total supply has been reduced to 210.94 million after the company burned 1 millionth KNC token in May 2019 and then its second millionth KNC token just three months later.
That means that while it took 15 months to burn the first million KNC, it took just 10 weeks to burn the second million KNC. That shows how rapidly adoption has been growing recently for Kyber, with July 2019 USD trading volumes on the Kyber Network nearly reaching $60 million. This volume has continued growing, and on march 13, 2020 the network experienced its highest daily trading activity of $33.7 million in a 24-hour period.
Currently KNC is required by Reserve Managers to operate on the network, which ensures a minimum amount of demand for the token. Combined with future plans for burning coins, price is expected to maintain an upward bias, although it has suffered along with the broader market in 2018 and more recently during the summer of 2019.
It was unfortunate in 2020 that a beginning rally was cut short by the coronavirus pandemic, although the token has stabilized as of April 2020, and there are hopes the rally could resume in the summer of 2020.

2.1 HOW ARE KNC TOKENS PRODUCED?

The native token of Kyber is called Kyber Network Crystals (KNC). All reserves are required to pay fees in KNC for the right to manage reserves. The KNC collected as fees are either burned and taken out of the total supply or awarded to integrated dapps as an incentive to help them grow.

2.2 HOW DO YOU GET HOLD OF KNC TOKENS?

Kyber Swap can be used to buy ETH directly using a credit card, which can then be used to swap for KNC. Besides Kyber itself, exchanges such as Binance, Huobi, and OKex trade KNC.

2.3 WHAT CAN YOU DO WITH KYBER?

The most direct and basic function of Kyber is for instantly swapping tokens without registering an account, which anyone can do using an Etheruem wallet such as MetaMask. Users can also create their own reserves and contribute funds to a reserve, but that process is still fairly technical one–something Kyber is working on making easier for users in the future.

2.4 THE GOAL OF KYBER THE FUTURE

The goal of Kyber in the coming years is to solidify its position as a one-stop solution for powering liquidity and token swapping on Ethereum. Kyber plans on a major protocol upgrade called Katalyst, which will create new incentives and growth opportunities for all stakeholders in their ecosystem, especially KNC holders. The upgrade will mean more use cases for KNC including to use KNC to vote on governance decisions through a decentralized organization (DAO) called the KyberDAO.
With our upcoming Katalyst protocol upgrade and new KNC model, Kyber will provide even more benefits for stakeholders. For instance, reserves will no longer need to hold a KNC balance for fees, removing a major friction point, and there will be rebates for top performing reserves. KNC holders can also stake their KNC to participate in governance and receive rewards.

2.5 BUYING & STORING KNC

Those interested in buying KNC tokens can do so at a number of exchanges. Perhaps your best bet between the complete list is the likes of Coinbase Pro and Binance. The former is based in the USA whereas the latter is an offshore exchange.
The trading volume is well spread out at these exchanges, which means that the liquidity is not concentrated and dependent on any one exchange. You also have decent liquidity on each of the exchange books. For example, the Binance BTC / KNC books are wide and there is decent turnover. This means easier order execution.
KNC is an ERC20 token and can be stored in any wallet with ERC20 support, such as MyEtherWallet or MetaMask. One interesting alternative is the KyberSwap Android mobile app that was released in August 2019.
It allows for instant swapping of tokens and has support for over 70 different altcoins. It also allows users to set price alerts and limit orders and works as a full-featured Ethereum wallet.

2.6 KYBER KATALYST UPGRADE

Kyber has announced their intention to become the de facto liquidity layer for the Decentralized Finance space, aiming to have Kyber as the single on-chain endpoint used by the majority of liquidity providers and dApp developers. In order to achieve this goal the Kyber Network team is looking to create an open ecosystem that garners trust from the decentralized finance space. They believe this is the path that will lead the majority of projects, developers, and users to choose Kyber for liquidity needs. With that in mind they have recently announced the launch of a protocol upgrade to Kyber which is being called Katalyst.
The Katalyst upgrade will create a stronger ecosystem by creating strong alignments towards a common goal, while also strengthening the incentives for stakeholders to participate in the ecosystem.
The primary beneficiaries of the Katalyst upgrade will be the three major Kyber stakeholders: 1. Reserve managers who provide network liquidity; 2. dApps that connect takers to Kyber; 3. KNC holders.
These stakeholders can expect to see benefits as highlighted below: Reserve Managers will see two new benefits to providing liquidity for the network. The first of these benefits will be incentives for providing reserves. Once Katalyst is implemented part of the fees collected will go to the reserve managers as an incentive for providing liquidity.
This mechanism is similar to rebates in traditional finance, and is expected to drive the creation of additional reserves and market making, which in turn will lead to greater liquidity and platform reach.
Katalyst will also do away with the need for reserve managers to maintain a KNC balance for use as network fees. Instead fees will be automatically collected and used as incentives or burned as appropriate. This should remove a great deal of friction for reserves to connect with Kyber without affecting the competitive exchange rates that takers in the system enjoy. dApp Integrators will now be able to set their own spread, which will give them full control over their own business model. This means the current fee sharing program that shares 30% of the 0.25% fee with dApp developers will go away and developers will determine their own spread. It’s believed this will increase dApp development within Kyber as developers will now be in control of fees.
KNC Holders, often thought of as the core of the Kyber Network, will be able to take advantage of a new staking mechanism that will allow them to receive a portion of network fees by staking their KNC and participating in the KyberDAO.

2.7 COMING KYBERDAO

With the implementation of the Katalyst protocol the KNC holders will be put right at the heart of Kyber. Holders of KNC tokens will now have a critical role to play in determining the future economic flow of the network, including its incentive systems.
The primary way this will be achieved is through KyberDAO, a way in which on-chain and off-chain governance will align to streamline cooperation between the Kyber team, KNC holders, and market participants.
The Kyber Network team has identified 3 key areas of consideration for the KyberDAO: 1. Broad representation, transparent governance and network stability 2. Strong incentives for KNC holders to maintain their stake and be highly involved in governance 3. Maximizing participation with a wide range of options for voting delegation
Interaction between KNC Holders & Kyber
This means KNC holders have been empowered to determine the network fee and how to allocate the fees to ensure maximum network growth. KNC holders will now have three fee allocation options to vote on: - Voting Rewards: Immediate value creation. Holders who stake and participate in the KyberDAO get their share of the fees designated for rewards. - Burning: Long term value accrual. The decreasing supply of KNC will improve the token appreciation over time and benefit those who did not participate. - Reserve Incentives:Value creation via network growth. By rewarding Kyber reserve managers based on their performance, it helps to drive greater volume, value, and network fees.

2.8 TRANSPARENCY AND STABILITY

The design of the KyberDAO is meant to allow for the greatest network stability, as well as maximum transparency and the ability to quickly recover in emergency situations. Initally the Kyber team will remain as maintainers of the KyberDAO. The system is being developed to be as verifiable as possible, while still maintaining maximum transparency regarding the role of the maintainer in the DAO.
Part of this transparency means that all data and processes are stored on-chain if feasible. Voting regarding network fees and allocations will be done on-chain and will be immutable. In situations where on-chain storage or execution is not feasible there will be a set of off-chain governance processes developed to ensure all decisions are followed through on.

2.9 KNC STAKING AND DELEGATION

Staking will be a new addition and both staking and voting will be done in fixed periods of times called “epochs”. These epochs will be measured in Ethereum block times, and each KyberDAO epoch will last roughly 2 weeks.
This is a relatively rapid epoch and it is beneficial in that it gives more rapid DAO conclusion and decision-making, while also conferring faster reward distribution. On the downside it means there needs to be a new voting campaign every two weeks, which requires more frequent participation from KNC stakeholders, as well as more work from the Kyber team.
Delegation will be part of the protocol, allowing stakers to delegate their voting rights to third-party pools or other entities. The pools receiving the delegation rights will be free to determine their own fee structure and voting decisions. Because the pools will share in rewards, and because their voting decisions will be clearly visible on-chain, it is expected that they will continue to work to the benefit of the network.

3. TRADING

After the September 2017 ICO, KNC settled into a trading price that hovered around $1.00 (decreasing in BTC value) until December. The token has followed the trend of most other altcoins — rising in price through December and sharply declining toward the beginning of January 2018.
The KNC price fell throughout all of 2018 with one exception during April. From April 6th to April 28th, the price rose over 200 percent. This run-up coincided with a blog post outlining plans to bring Bitcoin to the Ethereum blockchain. Since then, however, the price has steadily fallen, currently resting on what looks like a $0.15 (~0.000045 BTC) floor.
With the number of partners using the Kyber Network, the price may rise as they begin to fully use the network. The development team has consistently hit the milestones they’ve set out to achieve, so make note of any release announcements on the horizon.

4. COMPETITION

The 0x project is the biggest competitor to Kyber Network. Both teams are attempting to enter the decentralized exchange market. The primary difference between the two is that Kyber performs the entire exchange process on-chain while 0x keeps the order book and matching off-chain.
As a crypto swap exchange, the platform also competes with ShapeShift and Changelly.

5.KYBER MILESTONES

• June 2020: Digifox, an all-in-one finance application by popular crypto trader and Youtuber Nicholas Merten a.k.a DataDash (340K subs), integrated Kyber to enable users to easily swap between cryptocurrencies without having to leave the application. • June 2020: Stake Capital partnered with Kyber to provide convenient KNC staking and delegation services, and also took a KNC position to participate in governance. • June 2020: Outlined the benefits of the Fed Price Reserve (FPR) for professional market makers and advanced developers. • May 2020: Kyber crossed US$1 Billion in total trading volume and 1 Million transactions, performed entirely on-chain on Ethereum. • May 2020: StakeWith.Us partnered Kyber Network as a KyberDAO Pool Master. • May 2020: 2Key, a popular blockchain referral solution using smart links, integrated Kyber’s on-chain liquidity protocol for seamless token swaps • May 2020: Blockchain game League of Kingdoms integrated Kyber to accept Token Payments for Land NFTs. • May 2020: Joined the Zcash Developer Alliance , an invite-only working group to advance Zcash development and interoperability. • May 2020: Joined the Chicago DeFi Alliance to help accelerate on-chain market making for professionals and developers. • March 2020: Set a new record of USD $33.7M in 24H fully on-chain trading volume, and $190M in 30 day on-chain trading volume. • March 2020: Integrated by Rarible, Bullionix, and Unstoppable Domains, with the KyberWidget deployed on IPFS, which allows anyone to swap tokens through Kyber without being blocked. • February 2020: Popular Ethereum blockchain game Axie Infinity integrated Kyber to accept ERC20 payments for NFT game items. • February 2020: Kyber’s protocol was integrated by Gelato Finance, Idle Finance, rTrees, Sablier, and 0x API for their liquidity needs. • January 2020: Kyber Network was found to be the most used protocol in the whole decentralized finance (DeFi) space in 2019, according to a DeFi research report by Binance. • December 2019: Switcheo integrated Kyber’s protocol for enhanced liquidity on their own DEX. • December 2019: DeFi Wallet Eidoo integrated Kyber for seamless in-wallet token swaps. • December 2019: Announced the development of the Katalyst Protocol Upgrade and new KNC token model. • July 2019: Developed the Waterloo Bridge , a Decentralized Practical Cross-chain Bridge between EOS and Ethereum, successfully demonstrating a token swap between Ethereum to EOS. • July 2019: Trust Wallet, the official Binance wallet, integrated Kyber as part of its decentralized token exchange service, allowing even more seamless in-wallet token swaps for thousands of users around the world. • May 2019: HTC, the large consumer electronics company with more than 20 years of innovation, integrated Kyber into its Zion Vault Wallet on EXODUS 1 , the first native web 3.0 blockchain phone, allowing users to easily swap between cryptocurrencies in a decentralized manner without leaving the wallet. • January 2019: Introduced the Automated Price Reserve (APR) , a capital efficient way for token teams and individuals to market make with low slippage. • January 2019: The popular Enjin Wallet, a default blockchain DApp on the Samsung S10 and S20 mobile phones, integrated Kyber to enable in-wallet token swaps. • October 2018: Kyber was a founding member of the WBTC (Wrapped Bitcoin) Initiative and DAO. • October 2018: Developed the KyberWidget for ERC20 token swaps on any website, with CoinGecko being the first major project to use it on their popular site.

Full Article

submitted by CoinEx_Institution to kybernetwork [link] [comments]

Cryptocurrency Investments Part I. Masternodes and ICO, IEO, STO.

Cryptocurrency Investments Part I. Masternodes and ICO, IEO, STO.
Cryptocurrency Investments

https://preview.redd.it/93gz1j4tt2551.jpg?width=2048&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=30a4a18bad8032d77989d315138ee8943886c614
1. Masternodes In fact, the term hides servers with a certain number of blocked coins. They are constantly online and sign blocks. The reward is rewarded in the coins of the network. Creating a masternode is an expensive process that is not accessible to every investor. Everyone who wants to set up a masternode must go through a kind of financial selection - to buy a large number of cryptocurrencies. The amount determined by the rules of the network is frozen on the wallet of the owner of the masternode. It is worth noting that the freezing of a significant amount of funds in little-known cryptocurrencies can cause serious losses, primarily due to the volatility of the cryptocurrency market, and secondly, low liquidity when selling, that is, it can be traded on an exchange with a trading volume of $ 10 (at an acceptable price to you price). Analyze information on bitcointalk and other cryptocurrency forums in order to know how the project is developing. Or you will be engaged not in investments, but in the game of roulette. Since the rate of most cryptocurrencies can change by hundreds of percent during the year, it is almost impossible to calculate the future yield of the masternode in dollars. Investors can only focus on the current profit paid to the owners of the main nodes in various cryptocurrencies.
Regardless of the selected cryptocurrency, setting up a masternode is reduced to sequentially performing 3 steps:
Configuring software for the masternode to work on a remote server.
Buying a sufficient amount of cryptocurrency and sending it to your own wallet tied to a masternode.
Start masternode.
Reliable requirements are placed on the reliability of masternodes: The server must be available 24/7, only insignificant periods of disconnection from the network are allowed (several hours a year). A node needs a dedicated IP address to operate. The speed of the Internet connection should be constant, without significant drawdowns. Ensuring the fulfillment of these conditions in your home or apartment is quite difficult. The user will need to connect a dedicated IP, constantly keep ready a backup communication channel and provide uninterrupted power to the computer in case of a power outage. In practice, it is much simpler and cheaper to rent a virtual server (VPS) or use the services of specialized hosting services that offer their help in setting up a masternode. The unpredictability of the cryptocurrency rate is the main danger in creating a masternode. A prolonged market downturn can significantly increase the payback period. The popularity of the currency also affects the profitability of the masternode: the more transactions go through the blockchain, the higher the reward for the owner of the node.
When choosing a masternode, you should pay attention to the following parameters:
1. How long a project is on the market - the more the better. Coins that were created less than a year ago should be treated with caution, however, they just provide the opportunity to receive super-profits. 2. Capitalization - the higher the better. 3. ROI - return on investment. This term defines the return on investment for a certain period of time. It is better to calculate it yourself, since monitoring services try to impress investors and calculate it for short periods of time, including one day, which does not make sense at all. 4. The dynamics of changes in the price of coins. The yield of a masternode may have little or no effect on the outcome of an investment if the price of a coin changes regularly and exhibits an unclear long-term trend. Be sure to analyze the behavior of the value of the coin over the past few months. It is desirable that it be stable and change in accordance with the behavior of Bitcoin. In addition, the changes should be smooth. 5. Developers Examine the team representatives and their past achievements. It is desirable that the developers already had some kind of worthwhile product. At a minimum, they should not be implicated in all kinds of scam schemes - this will partially exclude the possibility of manipulating coin prices or the banal disappearance of the project.
https://masternodes.pro/statistics
https://masternodes.online/
MNO is a masternode coin monitoring and stats service. MNO does not research or recommend any coin. Do your own research and invest at your own risk. ROI changes often and is not the most important factor. Please consider Dev Team - Community - PURPOSE/Platform - Liquidity - Wallet when making masternode purchases.
Masternodes.online uses the CoinGecko API and selected verified exchanges for ALL price, volume and marketcap numbers for validation. The only exceptions are ICOs and newly listed coins that have not yet been listed on CoinGecko or on verified exchanges.
2. ICO, IEO, STO ICO, Initial coin offering - a form of attracting investments in the form of selling to investors a fixed number of new units of cryptocurrencies. The primary exchange offer, IEO is a variant of ICOs managed directly by cryptocurrency exchanges. In the ICO, investors buy tokens in order to benefit from an increase in the value of the asset, or to access the platform services. In STO, investors invest their money in order to receive dividends, an influx of finance or a voting right that is directly tied to a security. Choosing a project for investment: Field of activity Project white paper Presentation Project roadmap Social Networks (audience size, project activity) Team (Developer Profiles) Advisers Estimates of ICO project trackers Difference from competitors Institutional Investors Token Economics (total issue, distribution) Soft Cap and HC Smart contract Github Discounts on pre-sale There are also platforms that are engaged in collective investment in ICOs, therefore you can invest a smaller amount.
Also track projects through ICO trackers:
https://topicolist.com/
https://icobench.com/
https://icotop.io/
https://icoholder.com/
https://brothersrating.com/
https://www.coinmarketplus.com/
https://foundico.com/
https://icobliss.com/
https://www.trackico.io/
https://icobuffer.com/explore
https://icomarks.com/
https://findico.io/
https://ico-analytics.global/
https://www.listico.io/
In my opinion, it is also very important to keep track of which cryptocurrencies large investment funds are investing in, if you have detailed analytics, which coins most venture capitalists have invested and who are currently trading below the ICO price, write in the comments.
submitted by dimaver19 to u/dimaver19 [link] [comments]

HEX had an amazing week!

It's amazing how many good things are happening in HEX and how fast! Notice: Bitcoin FreeClaims thave haven't been made yet are now missing 2% of their stack, and 2% of the 20% speed bonus. Their loss is stakers gain, The stakers will be paid those penalties times adoption bonuses on day 353.

  1. HEXstat .com The first live updating interactive chart of expiring HEX stakes over time. This can help people choose to have their stakes expire when others aren't. This may reduce volatility! This is one of the core features HEX has over other cryptocurrencies, a chart of future total supply AND market supply.
  2. Coinmarketcap, Coingecko, coincodex, and Blockfolio listings.
  3. HEXvis.xyz (HEX Live Visualizer.)
  4. twitter.com/WhaleHEX (HEX whale watcher.)
  5. t.me/HEXstat (HEX stats)
  6. t.me/HEXclaims (HEX support)
  7. t.me/HEXwinBot (HEX monitor bot)
  8. Guide on how to use HEX without the website. (click etherscan at the top of the website)
  9. 7 Exchange listings:
bidesk.com/register?inviteCode=WHGHQWW
VSEX.pro (Asian exchange)
forkdelta.app/#!/trade/0x2b591e99afe9f32eaa6214f7b7629768c40eeb39-ETH
etherdelta.com/#0x2b591e99afe9f32eaa6214f7b7629768c40eeb39-ETH
mcafeedex.com/#HEX-ETH
KYC to withdraw: trade.tagz.com/trade/view ( HEX-BTC and HEX-ETH)
saturn.network/exchange/ETH/order-book/0x2b591e99afe9f32eaa6214f7b7629768c40eeb39

  1. Amazing adoption!
As of block 9089302, Wed, 11 Dec 2019 15:00:15 GMT
BTC = $7,231.52, ETH = $145.17

=== Supply ===
HEX total supply: 13,469,203,804
HEX in circulation: 2,155,517,894 (16.003% of total)
HEX staking: 11,313,685,910 (83.997% of total)

=== Claims ===
# Addresses claimable: 27,997,742
# Addresses claimed: 22,347 (0.080% of claimable)
BTC at snapshot: 18,077,667
BTC claimable: 9,100,880
BTC claimed: 144,016 (1.582% of claimable)
HEX claimed: 1,440,157,830
HEX unclaimed: 179,338,719,157
Smallest claims: 0.00000001 BTC, 0.00012000 HEX
Median claims: 0.27462282 BTC, 3,719 HEX
Largest claims: 2,146 BTC, 15,837,158 HEX

=== Stakes ===
# Stakes all-time: 46,096
# Stakes active: 45,491
# Stakes ended: 605
# Stakes penalized: 182 (30.083% of ended, 0.395% of all)
All-time stake length: Avg 1,034.8, Median 415 days
Active stake length: Avg 1,038.6, Median 420 days
Weighted avg active stake length: 1,408.8 days
Ended stake length: Avg 0.7, Median 0 days
Largest stake all-time: 154,857,673 HEX
Largest stake active: 154,857,673 HEX
Worst ROI of stake ended: -85.07136% (2 of 5,555 days)
Best ROI of stake ended: 0.05469% (6 of 6 days)

=== Adoption Amplifier ===
Flush address balance: 36,709 ETH ($5,329,000.86)
Day 5: HEX: 512,584,967
ETH: 1,315 ($190,878.19)
rate: 389,840 HEX/ETH
Day 6: HEX: 512,537,102
ETH: 1,147 ($166,499.75)
rate: 446,878 HEX/ETH
Day 7: HEX: 512,453,172
ETH: 1,323 ($192,052.71)
rate: 387,356 HEX/ETH
Day 8: HEX: 512,405,123
ETH: 1,015 ($147,398.06)
rate: 504,660 HEX/ETH
Day 9: HEX: 512,396,340
ETH: 219 ($31,829.37)
rate: 2,336,979 HEX/ETH
projected rate at EOD: 1,461,018 HEX/ETH
TOTAL: HEX: 5,101,353,009
ETH: 36,650 ($5,320,474.16)
rate: 133,951 HEX/ETH
(note: total rate is calculated across all AA days HEX and ETH, except that it only uses a fraction of the current day's HEX in proportion to how complete the day is)
submitted by RichardHeart to HEXcrypto [link] [comments]

Bitcoin Rhodium FAQ

Bitcoin Rhodium FAQ

What is Bitcoin Rhodium?

Bitcoin Rhodium is a decentralized store-of-value cryptocurrency with a strong appeal for investors looking for a long-term investment in crypto securities.

Is this a Bitcoin fork?

NO. Bitcoin Rhodium is not a Bitcoin fork and uses its own unique blockchain.

Is it an open-source project?

YES. It is programmed in C# language and source code can be found here on GitLab.

When was it launched?

Mainnet launched on October 20, 2018, but the project started on December 1, 2017

Why did you decide to create Bitcoin Rhodium?

Our passion is to develop a cryptocurrency that is primarily held by investors for the long-term. We want XRC to be a niche savings account accepted by many, because of both its scarcity, but also because of its community of investors who see the long-term potential in holding a very scarce coin. Please read the White Paper and take a look at our Road Map to know more where Bitcoin Rhodium is headed. You can also check our Progress page to see the actual development.

How does Bitcoin Rhodium differ from BTC?

The main difference is that Bitcoin Rhodium’s max supply is just 2.1 million coins or one-tenth of Bitcoin’s.

What is Bitcoin Rhodium’s ticker?

XRC

Is it minable?

YES. Bitcoin Rhodium uses Proof-of-Work (PoW) system as a consensus mechanism. You can mine XRC with any compatible x13 hardware. Read our Mining Guide, choose a suitable pool on MiningPoolStats and start mining. You can calculate your profits on WhatToMine.

How fast are Bitcoin Rhodium’s transactions?

XRC has the same block interval target as BTC, which is 10 Minutes.

Is Bitcoin Rhodium a privacy coin?

Same as BTC, Bitcoin Rhodium is pseudonymous rather than anonymous, coins within a wallet is not tied to people, but rather to one or more specific keys or addresses. Thereby, XRC owners are not identifiable, but all transactions are publicly available in the blockchain. But we are planning to add more privacy features soon. To learn more about that please read the this post written by one of our devs.

Where can I get Bitcoin Rhodium?

You can buy it on multiple exchanges, acquire through mining or even get it for free if you already hold some.

On what exchanges does Bitcoin Rhodium trade?

XRC can be purchased on following exchanges: HitBTC, P2PB2B, Changelly, Bisq, Tradesatoshi, FatBTC and WhiteBIT

How can I get XRC for free?

You can get Bitcoin Rhodium for free participating in Strong Hands Program, which is one of our use cases. To get free coins all you have to do is to hold any amount of XRC on your wallet for three months. That’s all. No other requirements.

What other use cases does Bitcoin Rhodium have?

Two more use cases are: The Crypto Trinity — an efficient ecosystem together with Bitcoin and Litecoin that can facilitate users and investors with different needs and preferences. And FreeMarket ONE — tor-based Peer-2-Peer barter trading platform, anonymous marketplace to trade precious metals worldwide.

Where can I store Bitcoin Rhodium?

You can keep your coins safe in one of the following wallets: Electrum-XRC, Trezor, Full node wallet, Magnum wallet or Web wallet.

Which one of these wallets should I choose?

It depends on what platform are you and how you plan to use XRC. Hardware wallets has proven to be the most secure way to store crypto, so choose Trezor wallet for maximum security. For desktop on any major platform use Electrum-XRC. It is secure and really easy to use. Magnum wallet will give you simple access to your coins on Android (iOS app in development). Web wallet works in any browser but we recommend you to use more decentralized third-party solutions.

Are there any active bounty programs?

You can earn XRC by being Bitcoin Rhodium’s ambassador. If you’re interested in participating, please fill in this form. More info about the program on website.

Where can I find more info about the project?

Please check our official resources: Website, Discord, Twitter, Telegram, BitcoinTalk, Blog and Reddit.

Where can I check XRC price?

Main sources to keep track of Bitcoin Rhodium’s price are Blockfolio app, CoinMarketCap and CoinGecko.
submitted by BitcoinRh to BitcoinRhodium [link] [comments]

NFT Spotlight #11 - CoinGecko, crypto market data aggregator

📢 What is CoinGecko all about?

Data, data, and data. Cryptocurrency-related data, to be precise. The CoinGecko site is like a funnel for all the external information and statistics about over 3.500 crypto assets. If you're not sure about which coins or tokens are best to invest in next, CoinGecko could give you the answer or at least an empirical overview of their previous trends and other references to valuable sources.

💪 What nut are they cracking?

At CoinGecko, they are well aware of the immense diversity and increasing number of crypto assets on the market. They understand that it can be overwhelming for both new as well as senior investors to keep track on the most popular cryptocurrencies, and to recognize growing trends and investment opportunities in the recently created coins. By challenging the current methods of altcoin valuations that mostly take into account market capitalization data, CoinGecko adds a few extra metric layers to make the data less easy to manipulate. Such metrics include social media subscribers, community growth, team info, and even the consequences of a potential 51% attack.

🔧 How do they do it?

The Internet is flooded with data, and it's often a challenge to sail on it without losing direction. CoinGecko combines links to all the relevant data and resources of each token with its market fluctuation info, extremely meticulous charts, and comparisons with similar tokens. This provides a much more in-depth and objective overview of crypto coins and tokens, all with the aim to enable the traders to rely on their own judgment and decision, instead of falling for temporary hype created by tribal fan groups. If you're a proud owner of some cryptocurrencies or tokens already, you might want to use their calculator to check their value in fiat, or even the Mining Calculator to check the costs related to mining it. And don't forget about their CoinGecko Mobile App (available both on App Store and Google Play Store to have the most extensive cryptocurrency data aggregator appear always in your pocket.

⛓️ CoinGecko in action

The crypto giants may be occupating the top of the charts, but among 3.500 assets on CoinGecko, the non-fungible projects found their place, as well. Crypto traders can thus follow the market perception of both new and well-established non-fungible projects, and invest accordingly. You can check their token growth - either concerning token price as well as its market cap - or find other resources to learn more about them. Especially valuable is the part dedicated to the code, providing information about the project's GitHub activities, so you can always follow their progress and commitment to the promises given during their ICO. By comparing an asset to others of a similar kind, the perspective on its trading potentials broadens and possibly lets you find an even better token to put your money in. 📷

❓ Non-fungible Q&A

Even though CoinGecko is nonpartisan when it comes to listing crypto assets, they openly recognize the value of non-fungible tokens and their potential to rock the market trends significantly. With Bobby Ong, co-founder at CoinGecko, we talked about the non-fungible side of the crypto moon.
1. What do you expect to see in 10-years time in the non-fungible field? The most creative answers count double.
In 10 years, we should expect to see a myriad of real-world assets represented on the blockchain as non-fungible assets. We should see tokenized non-fungible livestock, and these tokens could be fractionalized and sold to external investors. These will help farmers in developing countries to get plugged into the globalized world better and to improve their financial inclusion.
So instead of us owning CryptoKitties, we'll be owning real CryptoCows which we will be able to visit and milk!
2. In terms of other NFT projects, which one would you nominate for a Golden Globe and why?
CryptoKitties. They are the first project that popularized NFTs and enabled other developers to be creative and explore the opportunities in this area.
3. What would you rather have - your pet cat tokenized on the blockchain or a tangible, strokable 3D-version of your favorite crypto-asset?
A tangible, strokable 3D-version of our favorite Etheremon!
4. A CryptoKitty and an Axie enter the ring. Who wins?
That's a tough one. An Axie will win as it has more superpower. ;)
5. Finish the joke: “CoinGecko walks into a bar...
..., the bartender asks if 15 seconds can save you 15% or more on trading fees, and Gecko replies, "No, but greed is good!" 📉📈
We appreciate the time and commitment that CoinGecko and their Co-Founder Bobby Ong have dedicated to shedding light on the importance of informed decisions in crypto space, especially when it comes to trading. This definitely brings a more objective and confident adoption by the broader trading and collecting audience.
submitted by 0xcert to 0xcert [link] [comments]

Announcement Xeonbit XNB - The Private Digital Currency For Secure Payments

Introducing XEONBIT (XNB)
White Paper Twitter Facebook Telegram Discord
Explorer Mining Pool Wallet Download
The Blockchain Solution For Global Payments
Xeonbit is the private digital currency for secure payment network fully decentralized without any central authorities.
What is Xeonbit?
Xeonbit is not just a digital currency. It’s a community’s lifestyle, backbone and commercial foundation for the internet. Decentralized digital currency is slowly becoming a normal part of everyday life. Yet people’s main internet device continues to be their mobile, a device with a low-powered CPU and limited available storage. Xeonbit is about enabling this era, enabling an age where all people everywhere have the freedom to privately send and receive money with whatever gadget they already own. With Xeonbit you are your own bank.
There is only you can control and be responsible for your funds. Your accounts and transaction are out of reach to any prying eyes. Xeonbit uses peer-to-peer technology to operate with no central authority or banks; managing transactions and the issuing of bitcoins is carried out collectively by the internet network.
Secure Payments by Xeonbit
Payments are still anonymous by default. But unlike others, Xeonbit also allows for traceable transfers. It protects a receiver from defining his or her balance through inspecting incoming messages to the user’s public address. All the information that they receive is at your disposal 100% with no limits or restrictions; This is our top priorities for your privacy and security therefore we adjust to each client's needs easily with its potential to be enlarged to fit in that growth.
Website: https://xeonbit.com
Telegram: https://t.me/xeonbitgroup
Twitter: https://twitter.com/xeonbit
Facebook: https://fb.com/xeonbit
Discord: https://discord.gg/HYcJPFG
Xeonbit XNB will be mined at
http://goldenhillpool.com
http://pool.xeonbit.com
PoW algorithm: CryptoNight Max supply: ~18.4 million Block reward: smoothly varying Block time: 240 seconds Difficulty: retargets at every block
Get your Xeonbit XNB Wallets
Wallet Download
GUI Wallet Download from Github
Exchanges: Graviex: https://graviex.net/markets/xnbbtc?pinned=true
Stex: https://app.stex.com/en/basic-trade/paiBTC/XNB
Announcement List: - [ANN] Xeonbit English: https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?topic=5067655.0 - [ANN] Xeonbit Chinese: https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?topic=5068336.0 - [ANN] Xeonbit Romanian: https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?topic=5069094.0 - [ANN] Xeonbit Korean: https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?topic=5074575.0 - [ANN] Xeonbit Bulgarian: https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?topic=56593.msg48345353#msg48345353 - [ANN] Xeonbit Russian: https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?topic=5078103.new#new - [ANN] Xeonbit Brazillian Portuguese: https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?topic=5082363.new#new - Medium [ANN]: https://medium.com/@xeonbit/announcement-xeonbit-the-private-digital-currency-for-secure-payments-b5db6ce65494
Information Listing https://coinlib.io/coin/XNB/Xeonbit
https://www.livecoinwatch.com/price/Xeonbit-XNB
https://www.coingecko.com/en/coins/xeonbit/
https://blockfolio.com/
Mining Compare and Mining Guide: https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?topic=5078118.new#new
https://www.cryptunit.com/coin/XNB
https://www.coincalculators.io/coin.aspx?crypto=xeonbit-mining-calculator
https://minerstat.com/coin/XNB
http://www.wabi.com/coins/xeonbit
https://www.ddengle.com/mining/10408940
https://miningpoolstats.stream/xeonbit
submitted by zangchan8866 to Xeonbit [link] [comments]

Decred Journal — May 2018

Note: New Reddit look may not highlight links. See old look here. A copy is hosted on GitHub for better reading experience. Check it out, contains photo of the month! Also on Medium

Development

dcrd: Significant optimization in signature hash calculation, bloom filters support was removed, 2x faster startup thanks to in-memory full block index, multipeer work advancing, stronger protection against majority hashpower attacks. Additionally, code refactoring and cleanup, code and test infrastructure improvements.
In dcrd and dcrwallet developers have been experimenting with new modular dependency and versioning schemes using vgo. @orthomind is seeking feedback for his work on reproducible builds.
Decrediton: 1.2.1 bugfix release, work on SPV has started, chart additions are in progress. Further simplification of the staking process is in the pipeline (slack).
Politeia: new command line tool to interact with Politeia API, general development is ongoing. Help with testing will soon be welcome: this issue sets out a test plan, join #politeia to follow progress and participate in testing.
dcrdata: work ongoing on improved design, adding more charts and improving Insight API support.
Android: design work advancing.
Decred's own DNS seeder (dcrseeder) was released. It is written in Go and it properly supports service bit filtering, which will allow SPV nodes to find full nodes that support compact filters.
Ticket splitting service by @matheusd entered beta and demonstrated an 11-way split on mainnet. Help with testing is much appreciated, please join #ticket_splitting to participate in splits, but check this doc to learn about the risks. Reddit discussion here.
Trezor support is expected to land in their next firmware update.
Decred is now supported by Riemann, a toolbox from James Prestwich to construct transactions for many UTXO-based chains from human-readable strings.
Atomic swap with Ethereum on testnet was demonstrated at Blockspot Conference LATAM.
Two new faces were added to contributors page.
Dev activity stats for May: 238 active PRs, 195 master commits, 32,831 added and 22,280 deleted lines spread across 8 repositories. Contributions came from 4-10 developers per repository. (chart)

Network

Hashrate: rapid growth from ~4,000 TH/s at the beginning of the month to ~15,000 at the end with new all time high of 17,949. Interesting dynamic in hashrate distribution across mining pools: coinmine.pl share went down from 55% to 25% while F2Pool up from 2% to 44%. [Note: as of June 6, the hashrate continues to rise and has already passed 22,000 TH/s]
Staking: 30-day average ticket price is 91.3 DCR (+0.8), stake participation is 46.9% (+0.8%) with 3.68 million DCR locked (+0.15). Min price was 85.56. On May 11 ticket price surged to 96.99, staying elevated for longer than usual after such a pump. Locked DCR peaked at 47.17%. jet_user on reddit suggested that the DCR for these tickets likely came from a miner with significant hashrate.
Nodes: there are 226 public listening and 405 normal nodes per dcred.eu. Version distribution: 45% on v1.2.0 (up from 24% last month), 39% on v1.1.2, 15% on v1.1.0 and 1% running outdaded versions.

ASICs

Obelisk team posted an update. Current hashrate estimate of DCR1 is 1200 GH/s at 500 W and may still change. The chips came back at 40% the speed of the simulated results, it is still unknown why. Batch 1 units may get delayed 1-2 weeks past June 30. See discussions on decred and on siacoin.
@SiaBillionaire estimated that 7940 DCR1 units were sold in Batches 1-5, while Lynmar13 shared his projections of DCR1 profitability (reddit).
A new Chinese miner for pre-order was noticed by our Telegram group. Woodpecker WB2 specs 1.5 TH/s at 1200 W, costs 15,000 CNY (~2,340 USD) and the initial 150 units are expected to ship on Aug 15. (pow8.comtranslated)
Another new miner is iBelink DSM6T: 6 TH/s at 2100 W costing $6,300 (ibelink.co). Shipping starts from June 5. Some concerns and links were posted in these two threads.

Integrations

A new mining pool is available now: altpool.net. It uses PPLNS model and takes 1% fee.
Another infrastructure addition is tokensmart.io, a newly audited stake pool with 0.8% fee. There are a total of 14 stake pools now.
Exchange integrations:
OpenBazaar released an update that allows one to trade cryptocurrencies, including DCR.
@i2Rav from i2trading is now offering two sided OTC market liquidity on DCUSD in #trading channel.
Paytomat, payments solution for point of sale and e-commerce, integrated Decred. (missed in April issue)
CoinPayments, a payment processor supporting Decred, developed an integration with @Shopify that allows connected merchants to accept cryptocurrencies in exchange for goods.

Adoption

New merchants:
An update from VotoLegal:
michae2xl: Voto Legal: CEO Thiago Rondon of Appcívico, has already been contacted by 800 politicians and negotiations have started with four pre-candidates for the presidency (slack, source tweet)
Blockfolio rolled out Signal Beta with Decred in the list. Users who own or watch a coin will automatically receive updates pushed by project teams. Nice to see this Journal made it to the screenshot!
Placeholder Ventures announced that Decred is their first public investment. Their Investment Thesis is a clear and well researched overview of Decred. Among other great points it noted the less obvious benefit of not doing an ICO:
By choosing not to pre-sell coins to speculators, the financial rewards from Decred’s growth most favor those who work for the network.
Alex Evans, a cryptoeconomics researcher who recently joined Placeholder, posted his 13-page Decred Network Analysis.

Marketing

@Dustorf published March–April survey results (pdf). It analyzes 166 responses and has lots of interesting data. Just an example:
"I own DECRED because I saw a YouTube video with DECRED Jesus and after seeing it I was sold."
May targeted advertising report released. Reach @timhebel for full version.
PiedPiperCoin hired our advisors.
More creative promos by @jackliv3r: Contributing, Stake Now, The Splitting, Forbidden Exchange, Atomic Swaps.
Reminder: Stakey has his own Twitter account where he tweets about his antics and pours scorn on the holders of expired tickets.
"Autonomy" coin sculpture is available at sigmasixdesign.com.

Events

BitConf in Sao Paulo, Brazil. Jake Yocom-Piatt presented "Decentralized Central Banking". Note the mini stakey on one of the photos. (articletranslated, photos: 1 2 album)
Wicked Crypto Meetup in Warsaw, Poland. (video, photos: 1 2)
Decred Polska Meetup in Katowice, Poland. First known Decred Cake. (photos: 1 2)
Austin Hispanic Hackers Meetup in Austin, USA.
Consensus 2018 in New York, USA. See videos in the Media section. Select photos: booth, escort, crew, moon boots, giant stakey. Many other photos and mentions were posted on Twitter. One tweet summarized Decred pretty well:
One project that stands out at #Consensus2018 is @decredproject. Not annoying. Real tech. Humble team. #BUIDL is strong with them. (@PallerJohn)
Token Summit in New York, USA. @cburniske and @jmonegro from Placeholder talked "Governance and Cryptoeconomics" and spoke highly of Decred. (twitter coverage: 1 2, video, video (from 32 min))
Campus Party in Bahia, Brazil. João Ferreira aka @girino and Gabriel @Rhama were introducing Decred, talking about governance and teaching to perform atomic swaps. (photos)
Decred was introduced to the delegates from Shanghai's Caohejing Hi-Tech Park, organized by @ybfventures.
Second Decred meetup in Hangzhou, China. (photos)
Madison Blockchain in Madison, USA. "Lots of in-depth questions. The Q&A lasted longer than the presentation!". (photo)
Blockspot Conference Latam in Sao Paulo, Brazil. (photos: 1, 2)
Upcoming events:
There is a community initiative by @vj to organize information related to events in a repository. Jump in #event_planning channel to contribute.

Media

Decred scored B (top 3) in Weiss Ratings and A- (top 8) in Darpal Rating.
Chinese institute is developing another rating system for blockchains. First round included Decred (translated). Upon release Decred ranked 26. For context, Bitcoin ranked 13.
Articles:
Audios:
Videos:

Community Discussions

Community stats: Twitter 39,118 (+742), Reddit 8,167 (+277), Slack 5,658 (+160). Difference is between May 5 and May 31.
Reddit highlights: transparent up/down voting on Politeia, combining LN and atomic swaps, minimum viable superorganism, the controversial debate on Decred contractor model (people wondered about true motives behind the thread), tx size and fees discussion, hard moderation case, impact of ASICs on price, another "Why Decred?" thread with another excellent pitch by solar, fee analysis showing how ticket price algorithm change was controversial with ~100x cut in miner profits, impact of ticket splitting on ticket price, recommendations on promoting Decred, security against double spends and custom voting policies.
@R3VoLuT1OneR posted a preview of a proposal from his company for Decred to offer scholarships for students.
dcrtrader gained a couple of new moderators, weekly automatic threads were reconfigured to monthly and empty threads were removed. Currently most trading talk happens on #trading and some leaks to decred. A separate trading sub offers some advantages: unlimited trading talk, broad range of allowed topics, free speech and transparent moderation, in addition to standard reddit threaded discussion, permanent history and search.
Forum: potential social attacks on Decred.
Slack: the #governance channel created last month has seen many intelligent conversations on topics including: finite attention of decision makers, why stakeholders can make good decisions (opposed to a common narrative than only developers are capable of making good decisions), proposal funding and contractor pre-qualification, Cardano and Dash treasuries, quadratic voting, equality of outcome vs equality of opportunity, and much more.
One particularly important issue being discussed is the growing number of posts arguing that on-chain governance and coin voting is bad. Just a few examples from Twitter: Decred is solving an imagined problem (decent response by @jm_buirski), we convince ourselves that we need governance and ticket price algo vote was not controversial, on-chain governance hurts node operators and it is too early for it, it robs node operators of their role, crypto risks being captured by the wealthy, it is a huge threat to the whole public blockchain space, coin holders should not own the blockchain.
Some responses were posted here and here on Twitter, as well as this article by Noah Pierau.

Markets

The month of May has seen Decred earn some much deserved attention in the markets. DCR started the month around 0.009 BTC and finished around 0.0125 with interim high of 0.0165 on Bittrex. In USD terms it started around $81 and finished around $92, temporarily rising to $118. During a period in which most altcoins suffered, Decred has performed well; rising from rank #45 to #30 on Coinmarketcap.
The addition of a much awaited KRW pair on Upbit saw the price briefly double on some exchanges. This pair opens up direct DCR to fiat trading in one of the largest cryptocurrency markets in the world.
An update from @i2Rav:
We have begun trading DCR in large volume daily. The interest around DCR has really started to grow in terms of OTC quote requests. More and more customers are asking about trading it.
Like in previous month, Decred scores high by "% down from ATH" indicator being #2 on onchainfx as of June 6.

Relevant External

David Vorick (@taek) published lots of insights into the world of ASIC manufacturing (reddit). Bitmain replied.
Bitmain released an ASIC for Equihash (archived), an algorithm thought to be somewhat ASIC-resistant 2 years ago.
Three pure PoW coins were attacked this month, one attempting to be ASIC resistant. This shows the importance of Decred's PoS layer that exerts control over miners and allows Decred to welcome ASIC miners for more PoW security without sacrificing sovereignty to them.
Upbit was raided over suspected fraud and put under investigation. Following news reported no illicit activity was found and suggested and raid was premature and damaged trust in local exchanges.
Circle, the new owner of Poloniex, announced a USD-backed stablecoin and Bitmain partnership. The plan is to make USDC available as a primary market on Poloniex. More details in the FAQ.
Poloniex announced lower trading fees.
Bittrex plans to offer USD trading pairs.
@sumiflow made good progress on correcting Decred market cap on several sites:
speaking of market cap, I got it corrected on coingecko, cryptocompare, and worldcoinindex onchainfx, livecoinwatch, and cryptoindex.co said they would update it about a month ago but haven't yet I messaged coinlib.io today but haven't got a response yet coinmarketcap refused to correct it until they can verify certain funds have moved from dev wallets which is most likely forever unknowable (slack)

About This Issue

Some source links point to Slack messages. Although Slack hides history older than ~5 days, you can read individual messages if you paste the message link into chat with yourself. Digging the full conversation is hard but possible. The history of all channels bridged to Matrix is saved in Matrix. Therefore it is possible to dig history in Matrix if you know the timestamp of the first message. Slack links encode the timestamp: https://decred.slack.com/archives/C5H9Z63AA/p1525528370000062 => 1525528370 => 2018-05-05 13:52:50.
Most information from third parties is relayed directly from source after a minimal sanity check. The authors of Decred Journal have no ability to verify all claims. Please beware of scams and do your own research.
Your feedback is precious. You can post on GitHub, comment on Reddit or message us in #writers_room channel.
Credits (Slack names, alphabetical order): bee, Richard-Red, snr01 and solar.
submitted by jet_user to decred [link] [comments]

Groestlcoin Christmas Release!

Groestlcoin Dec 2018 Christmas Release Update

As per usual the 3 months has been all hand-on-deck, helping to bring further adoption utilities to Groestlcoin. The markets have been red but as always that doesn't stop the show from going on with regards to the development since the last release update on 24th September. Here's a recap of what has happened so far:

Recap:

What’s New Today?

Groestlcoin on Trezor Model T

As of the latest version of the Trezor Model T firmware, Groestlcoin is now officially supported! The Trezor Model T is the next-generation cryptocurrency hardware wallet, designed to be your universal vault for all of your digital assets. Store and encrypt your coins, passwords and other digital keys with confidence. The Trezor Model T now supports over 500 cryptocurrencies.

Blockbook MainNet & TestNet Block Explorer

Blockbook is an open-source Groestlcoin blockchain explorer with complete REST and websocket APIs that can be used for writing web wallets and other apps that need more advanced blockchain queries than provided by groestlcoind RPC.
Blockbook REST API provides you with a convenient, powerful and simple way to read data from the groestlcoin network and with it, build your own services.

Features:

Blockbook is available via https://blockbook.groestlcoin.org/ Testnet: https://blockbook-test.groestlcoin.org/ Source code: https://github.com/Groestlcoin/blockbook

Edge Wallet

Groestlcoin has been added to the Edge wallet for Android and iOS. Edge wallet is secure, private and intuitive. By including support for ShapeShift, Simplex and Changelly, Edge allows you to seamlessly shift between digital currencies, anywhere with an internet connection.

Features:

Android: https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=co.edgesecure.app
iOS: https://itunes.apple.com/us/app/edge-bitcoin-wallet/id1344400091?mt=8
Direct Android: https://edge.app/app

CoinID Wallet

We are excited to announce that Groestlcoin has been added to CoinID! With integrated cold and hot wallet support, and a host of other unique wallet features, CoinID can easily become your go-to wallet for storing Groestlcoin. More details can be found here: https://coinid.org/s/groestlcoin-wallet-overview.pdf

Features

Android: https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=org.coinid.wallet.grs
iOS: https://itunes.apple.com/us/app/grs-wallet-for-coinid/id1439638550

Groestlcoin Sentinel - Windows Released

Groestlcoin Sentinel is the easiest and fastest way to track balances of your Groestlcoin addresses.
Features
You can download it using the links below.
Download the Windows Wallet (64 bit) here: https://github.com/Groestlcoin/Groestlcoin-Sentinel-Windows/releases/download/1.0/SentinelSetup_x64.msi
Download the Windows Wallet (32 bit) here: https://github.com/Groestlcoin/Groestlcoin-Sentinel-Windows/releases/download/1.0/SentinelSetup_x86.msi
Source code: https://github.com/Groestlcoin/Groestlcoin-Sentinel-Windows/

Groestlcoin BIP39 Tool 0.3.9 Update

The Groestlcoin BIP39 tool is an open-source web tool for converting BIP39 mnemonic codes to addresses and private keys. This enables the greatest security against third-party wallets potentially disappearing – You’ll still have access to your funds thanks to this tool.
What’s New
Download the Groestlcoin BIP39 tool here: https://github.com/Groestlcoin/bip39/archive/master.zip
Source code: https://github.com/groestlcoin/bip39
Or use hosted version: https://groestlcoin.org/bip39/

Electrum-GRS 3.2.3 Update

Electrum-GRS is a lightweight "thin client" Groestlcoin wallet Windows, MacOS and Linux based on a client-server protocol. Its main advantages over the original Groestlcoin client include support for multi-signature wallets and not requiring the download of the entire block chain.
What’s New

Electrum + Android Version 3.2.3:

Android: https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=org.groestlcoin.electrumgrs
Windows & OSX: https://github.com/Groestlcoin/electrum-grs/releases/
Linux:
sudo apt-get install python3-setuptools python3-pyqt5 python3-pip python3-dev libssl-dev sudo pip3 install groestlcoin_hash sudo pip3 install https://github.com/Groestlcoin/electrum-grs/releases/download/v3.2.3/Electrum-grs-3.2.3.tar.gz electrum-grs
GitHub Source server: https://github.com/Groestlcoin/electrumx-grs
Github Source server installer: https://github.com/Groestlcoin/electrumx-grs-installer
Github Source client: https://github.com/Groestlcoin/electrum-grs

Groestlcoin ivendPay Integration

ivendPay and Groestlcoin cryptocurrency have announced the start of integration.
IT company ivendPay, the developer of a universal multicurrency payment module for automatic and retail trade, intends to integrate Groestlcoin cryptocurrency — one of the oldest and the most reputable Bitcoin forks into the payment system. Groestlcoin is characterized by instant transactions with almost zero commission and is optimal for mass retail trade where micropayments are mostly used.
According to Sergey Danilov, founder and CEO of ivendPay, Groestlcoin will become the 11th cryptocurrency integrated into the payment module. The first working vending machines for the sale of coffee, snacks and souvenirs, equipped with ivendPay modules, served the visitors of the CryptoEvent RIW exhibition at VDNKh in Moscow and accepted Bitcoin, Go Byte, Dash, Bitcoin Cash, Ethereum, Ethereum Classic, Zcash, Bitcoin Gold, Dogecoin and Emercoin. ivendPay terminals are designed and patented to accept payments in electronic money, cryptocurrencies and cash when connecting the corresponding cash terminal. Payment for the purchase takes a few seconds, the choice of the payment currency occurs at the time of placing the order on the screen, the payment is made by QR-code through the cryptocurrency wallet on the smartphone.
The interest in equipping vending machines with ivendPay terminals has already been shown by the companies of Malaysia and Israel, where first test networks would be installed. ivendPay compiles a waiting list for vending networks interested in buying terminals and searches for an investor to launch industrial production. According to Sergey Danilov, the universal payment terminal ivendPay for the vending machine will cost about $500. The founder of ivendPay has welcomed the appearance of Groestlcoin among integrated cryptocurrencies, as it is another step towards the realization of the basic idea of digital money - free and cross-border access to goods and services for everybody.
submitted by Yokomoko_Saleen to groestlcoin [link] [comments]

The Big Blocks Mega Thread

Since this is a pressing and prevalent issue, I thought maybe condensing the essential arguments into one mega thread is better than rehashing everything in new threads all the time. I chose a FAQ format for this so a certain statement can be answered. I don't want to re-post everything here so where appropriate I'm just going to use links.
Disclaimer: This is biased towards big blocks (BIP 101 in particular) but still tries to mention the risks, worries and fears. I think this is fair because all other major bitcoin discussion places severely censor and discourage big block discussion.
 
What is the block size limit?
The block size limit was introduced by Satoshi back in 2010-07-15 as an anti-DoS measure (though this was not stated in the commit message, more info here). Ever since, it has never been touched because historically there was no need and raising the block size limit requires a hard fork. The block size directly limits the number of transactions in a block. Therefore, the capacity of Bitcoin is directly limited by the block size limit.
 
Why does a raise require a hard fork?
Because larger blocks are seen as invalid by old nodes, a block size increase would fork these nodes off the network. Therefore it is a hard fork. However, it is possible to downsize the block limit with a soft fork since smaller blocks would still be seen as valid from old nodes. It is considerably easier to roll out a soft fork. Therefore, it makes sense to roll out a more ambitious hard fork limit and downsize as needed with soft forks if problems arise.
 
What is the deal with soft and hard forks anyways?
See this article by Mike Hearn: https://medium.com/@octskyward/on-consensus-and-forks-c6a050c792e7#.74502eypb
 
Why do we need to increase the block size?
The Bitcoin network is reaching its imposed block size limit while the hard- and software would be able to support more transactions. Many believe that in its current phase of growth, artificially limiting the block size is stifling adoption, investment and future growth.
Read this article and all linked articles for further reading: http://gavinandresen.ninja/time-to-roll-out-bigger-blocks
Another article by Mike Hearn: https://medium.com/@octskyward/crash-landing-f5cc19908e32#.uhky4y1ua (this article is a little outdated since both Bitcoin Core and XT now have mempool limits)
 
What is the Fidelity Effect?
It is the Chicken and Egg problem applied to future growth of Bitcoin. If companies do not see how Bitcoin can scale long term, they don't invest which in turn slows down adoption and development.
See here and here.
 
Does an increase in block size limit mean that blocks immediately get larger to the point of the new block size limit?
No, blocks are as large as there is demand for transactions on the network. But one can assume that if the limit is lifted, more users and businesses will want to use the blockchain. This means that blocks will get bigger, but they will not automatically jump to the size of the block size limit. Increased usage of the blockchain also means increased adoption, investment and also price appreciation.
 
Which are the block size increase proposals?
See here.
It should be noted that BIP 101 is the only proposal which has been implemented and is ready to go.
 
What is the long term vision of BIP 101?
BIP 101 tries to be as close to hardware limitations regarding bandwidth as possible so that nodes can continue running at normal home-user grade internet connections to keep the decentralized aspect of Bitcoin alive. It is believed that it is hard to increase the block size limit, so a long term increase is beneficial to planning and investment in the Bitcoin network. Go to this article for further reading and understand what is meant by "designing for success".
BIP 101 vs actual transaction growth visualized: http://imgur.com/QoTEOO2
Note that the actual growth in BIP 101 is piece-wise linear and does not grow in steps as suggested in the picture.
 
What is up with the moderation and censorship on bitcoin.org, bitcointalk.org and /bitcoin?
Proponents of a more conservative approach fear that a block size increase proposal that does not have "developeexpert consensus" should not be implemented via a majority hard fork. Therefore, discussion about the full node clients which implement BIP 101 is not allowed. Since the same individuals have major influence of all the three bitcoin websites (most notably theymos), discussion of Bitcoin XT is censored and/or discouraged on these websites.
 
What is Bitcoin XT anyways?
More info here.
 
What does Bitcoin Core do about the block size? What is the future plan by Bitcoin Core?
Bitcoin Core scaling plan as envisioned by Gregory Maxwell: http://lists.linuxfoundation.org/pipermail/bitcoin-dev/2015-Decembe011865.html
 
Who governs or controls Bitcoin Core anyways? Who governs Bitcoin XT? What is Bitcoin governance?
Bitcoin Core is governed by a consensus mechanism. How it actually works is not clear. It seems that any major developer can "veto" a change. However, there is one head maintainer who pushes releases and otherwise organizes the development effort. It should be noted that the majority of the main contributors to Bitcoin Core are Blockstream employees.
BitcoinXT follows a benevolent dictator model (as Bitcoin used to follow when Satoshi and later Gavin Andresen were the lead maintainers).
It is a widespread believe that Bitcoin can be separated into protocol and full node development. This means that there can be multiple implementations of Bitcoin that all follow the same protocol and overall consensus mechanism. More reading here. By having multiple implementations of Bitcoin, single Bitcoin implementations can be run following a benevolent dictator model while protocol development would follow an overall consensus model (which is enforced by Bitcoin's fundamental design through full nodes and miners' hash power). It is still unclear how protocol changes should actually be governed in such a model. Bitcoin governance is a research topic and evolving.
 
What are the arguments against a significant block size increase and against BIP 101 in particular?
The main arguments against a significant increase are related to decentralization and therefore robustness against commercial interests and government regulation and intervention. More here (warning: biased Wiki article).
Another main argument is that Bitcoin needs a fee market established by a low block size limit to support miners long term. There is significant evidence and game theory to doubt this claim, as can be seen here.
Finally, block propagation and verification times increase with an increased block size. This in turn increases the orphan rate of miners which means reduced profit. Some believe that this is a disadvantage to small miners because they are not as well connected to other big miners. Also, there is currently a large miner centralization in China. Since most of these miners are behind the Great Firewall of China, their bandwidth to the rest of the world is limited. There is a fear that larger block propagation times favor Chinese miners as long as they have a mining majority. However, there are solutions in development that can drastically reduce block propagation times so this problem will be less of an issue long term.
 
What is up with the fee market and what is the Lightning Network (LN)?
Major Bitcoin Core developers believe that a fee market established by a low block size is needed for future security of the bitcoin network. While many believe fundamentally this is true, there is major dispute if a fee market needs to be forced by a low block size. One of the main LN developers thinks such a fee market through low block size is needed (read here). The Lightning Network is a non-bandwidth scaling solution. It uses payment channels that can be opened and closed using Bitcoin transactions that are settled on the blockchain. By routing transactions through many of these payment channels, in theory it is possible to support a lot more transactions while a user only needs very few payment channels and therefore rarely has to use (settle on) the actual blockchain. More info here.
 
How does LN and other non-bandwidth scaling solutions relate to Bitcoin Core and its long term scaling vision?
Bitcoin Core is headed towards a future where block sizes are kept low so that a fee market is established long term that secures miner incentives. The main scaling solution propagated by Core is LN and other solutions that only sometimes settle transactions on the main Bitcoin blockchain. Essentially, Bitcoin becomes a settlement layer for solutions that are built on top of Bitcoin's core technology. Many believe that long term this might be inevitable. But forcing this off-chain development already today seems counterproductive to Bitcoin's much needed growth and adoption phase before such solutions can thrive. It should also be noted that no major non-bandwidth scaling solution (such as LN) has been tested or even implemented. It is not even clear if such off-chain solutions are needed long term scaling solutions as it might be possible to scale Bitcoin itself to handle all needed transaction volumes. Some believe that the focus on a forced fee market by major Bitcoin Core developers represents a conflict of interest since their employer is interested in pushing off-chain scaling solutions such as LN (more reading here).
 
Are there solutions in development that show the block sizes as proposed via BIP 101 are viable and block propagation times in particular are low enough?
Yes, most notably: Weak Blocks, Thin Blocks and IBLT.
 
What is Segregated Witness (SW) and how does it relate to scaling and block size increases?
See here. SW among other things is a way to increase the block size once without a hard fork (the actual block size is not increased but there is extra information exchanged separately to blocks).
 
Feedback and more of those question/answer type posts (or revised question/answer pairs) appreciated!
 
ToDo and thoughts for expansion:
@Mods: Maybe this could be stickied?
submitted by BIP-101 to btc [link] [comments]

Looking for price api

Is there any api to get the real price? Cuz every service like blockchain or coingecko have another calculations.
submitted by Halfbax_ to Bitcoin [link] [comments]

Earning Beer Money with your Idle Computer(s)

Just wanted to share my experience with you all since many of you have access to powerful GPU(s) and cheap/free electricity (office building).
I recently started looking into mining cryptocurrency with my video card. I chose Monero. It seems to be getting popular as seen on https://www.coingecko.com and https://coinmarketcap.com.
Bitcoin is no longer viable to mine using GPU and needs specialized hardware (ASIC).
To see if it's worth it to you. You can follow these steps...
  1. Get a Monero wallet like https://mymonero.com
  2. Download and install mining software from a pool close to you like the ones listed here... https://monerohash.com/#network . When you choose a pool and go to their site, there should be a "Getting Started" section like this one.. https://monerohash.com/#getting_started .
  3. Run the software, and get your hashrate
  4. Plug your hashrate into a profit calculator like this one.. https://www.cryptocompare.com/mining/calculatoxmr
  5. If the numbers seem good to you, just run the mining software whenever you are not using your computer(s)
For me, I'm using an AMD 280x GPU which is not the fastest video card around. My hashrate is about 542 H/s. I got paid out 1.2 Monero in 1 week which is about $10 USD. It's not a whole lot, but just enough for /beermoney.
You'll earn more than me if you have a more powerful card and/or mine on multiple computers.
After you earn some Monero, here's some things you can do with it..
If you have any questions about Monero, there's a great little community over at /monero
submitted by phloating_man to videography [link] [comments]

**BUBBLE ALARM:** no trillions. urban legend.

1. 
Ripple will not automatically be "the world's currency" just because they work on an open source alternative for the SWIFT. Even if 1000 japanese banks would opt in for a test run, then SWIFT wont be replaced. (The SWIFT earns (only) $20 million per year in netprofits btw. https://www.swift.com/about-us/financials )
2. 
The market cap of ripple is currently in an insane bubble. It grew by 50 times and it will be back down soon. What goes around must come down. Right now it is $38 billion ( Bitcoin $35 billion, Paypal $60 billion). Don't make yourself guilty of pumping. Dont feed the Monsters. Be aware Poloniex had frequent "ddos" attacks recently, pausing/manipulating ripple trading and causing long/short-squeezes (forced liquidations/bankruptcies) . Please be aware.
3. 
Ripple code saw 3 times fewer developers (code contributors) yet than Dogecoin. 5 times fewer than Ethereum and 20 times fewer than Bitcoin (Only Stellar and Golem saw some fewer Developers than Ripple just yet, because it is new). Compared to the current prices this is like saying bitcoin developer's hours are worth 22 times less. and Dogecoin developer's effort is even 500 times less per hour?. But it is not true. Open source is vital and the more crowdsourcing the better. But most of these developers/contributors are professionals anyway. Volunteers are more often/likely convinced by heart and thus more powerful than hired staff. Why didnt Ripple attract as many volunteers yet? (see developer column on http://coingecko.com )
4. 
i appreciated Ripple's work but using banks, who will use ripple, will stay expensive anyway. Because they are used to earn a lot/greedy. Then why would they pass on many savings to the customers? All the real decentralized cryptocurrencies/blockchains running are an efficient and decentralized alternative. Banks could join, but no need. It is not required to bother with different banks. Each local crypto-exchange only needs to bother with their national regulations. You can send anyone in the world crypto currencies - and the receiver can turn it into fiat with their local gateway/exchange/ bitcoin ATM or anything cheaply. Crypto exchanges don't need ripple and they are easiecheapeless bureaucratically bloaded to run than banks. so there are many new ones all the time and free competition, cheap fees, efficient naturally. If they reward marketmakers too, then you are done. A stable exchange rates everywhere. Also services like transferwise and currencyfair do this with fiat only. They are cheap and dont need cross boarder payment, banks or ripple (since they also run their own peer2peer orderbooks/currency conversation matchmaking. ) With a token like XRP, Ripple can be a distributed "currencyfair-type" of service, but will banks particpiate that?
5. 
No Trillions! (in marketcap) Many cross border payments in a network even each other out. It makes no sense to calculate the yearly transaction volume of the world. Daily would be more relevant. If any. ...."if i had all the money in the world".....
Similarily you would not claim steemit ($0.3 billion ) should be priced as high as facebook ($400 billion) today. "because of the potential" Infact facebook got at least 50.000 times the amount of users+attention. So in steemit we we have public attention worth no more than $10million yet and the other 97% of price are for "potential" (=Bubble) Few weeks ago, when steemit did cost ten times less still it would only be two thirds for the potential (more modest). What happened to Ripple is the same but worst since ripple was pumped the hardest and grew by 60 times. The people who were rationally shorting Ripple were hit the most and many. Also many of those who went long easily found themselves losing instead of closing positions during the DDOS's on poloniex. So expect most of this to be a bubble. Good news, sure, but nothing so unexpected that would immediately have made price grow by more than a few times (at most) if outside of a bubble
submitted by fineregex to Ripple [link] [comments]

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Atc coin full review , Atc coin का पुरा सफरनामा Coin gecko.com पर , Digitalnizam Digital Nizam

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