Die Blockchain im Finanz- und Rechnungswesen Finance Haufe

'Triple entry accounting' - 2004 paper where the creator of Bitcoin first outlines the blockchain

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[Table] IAmA dark web expert, investigative journalist and true crime author. I’ve met dark web kingpins in far flung prisons and delved the murky depths of child predator forums. I’ve written six books and over a dozen Casefile podcast episodes. AMA (part 2/2)

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Around here nobody talks about the argument that increased regulation of the internet would help stop child predators. Is that true, and if so where do you fall on the Net Neutrality vs law enforcement spectrum? No I don't think that's true at all. Child predators have been around much longer than the internet, and I would argue child abuse was more prevalent 50+ years ago when children were seen and not heard and it wasn't talked about. The dark web hasn't created more predators, it has just given them a new place to gather and hang out.
The one thing I found really interesting when I was lurking the forums of the child predators was their frustration about how children are now taught from a very young age that certain touching and acts are wrong and that they shouldn't keep certain secrets. It came up over and over again that they could not abuse certain children because they knew those children had someone they would tell. It was pretty clear that education was a child's best defence against getting abused.
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That's so interesting, thanks for the AMA! Can you remember any other thing that a child could do in order to protect himself from being abused? What other characteristics do the abusers hate in potential victims? That seems to be the main one. Kids who speak up and who have close relationships with one or more people they are likely to confide in
What do folks talk about in the child predator forums? Do they like give each other advice on how to improve their craft? Yes, quite literally. The give each other tips on how not to get caught, how to edit out incriminating details in videos, how to drug children, techniques for convincing kids not to tell etc
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Given your insight into how predators operate, do you have any advice for parents on protecting their kids? I'll cut'n'paste a response i gave to someone else about this, because it was something that really stuck out to me:
The one thing I found really interesting when I was lurking the forums of the child predators was their frustration about how children are now taught from a very young age that certain touching and acts are wrong and that they shouldn't keep certain secrets. It came up over and over again that they could not abuse certain children because they knew those children had someone they would tell. It was pretty clear that education was a child's best defence against getting abused. Kids who speak up and who have close relationships with one or more people they are likely to confide in
Has the exponential increase in Bitcoin value affected darknet dealers in any profound way? I can imagine that some drug dealers were sitting on quite a large sum of Bitcoin when the value shot up. Crypto purists hate to admit it, but bitcoin would not be where it is today without Silk Road. It was sitting at less than a dollar when Silk Road began and the markets showed a robust use case for cryptocurrency and as the markets grew, so did the demand for bitcoin. It also provided real-life use data for those who were not interested in drugs but who weren't sure if it had practical application. When SR went down, Bitcoin was at about $650 and it continued to grow as adoption became more mainstream. There are many many stories of drug dealers (and at least one faux-hitman!) who gained most of their wealth not by selling the drugs, but by the growth in value of their bitcoin holdings
Since you have a lot of experience with them online. Do you think pedophiles(not child abusers) should be treated as criminals, or as people suffering from a mental illness? Contact offenders should be treated as criminals, because they are criminals. They have abused or hurt someone. Same with those who support the creation and dissemination of child abuse materials.
Pedophiles who do not act on their urges should be given as much help as humanly possible.
Are there any mysterious or suspicious pages or communities that you haven’t been able to access? Anything that seems especially weird? there are a lot of Russian communities that I can't access, mostly because I don't speak Russian. Some of the more technical hacking communities have entry barriers that I'm not technical enough to score an invite to
How much these bad people really exist out there? Hundreds? Thousands? More? It depends what you mean by bad. If you mean people who use the dark web to buy drugs (who I do not consider bad) then there are many many thousands. There are also thousands of people who deal in stolen information to make money.
Unfortunately there are also thousands of child predators and the dark web has provided a "safe space" for them to come together to share materials and "tips". I hope this is where most of the resources of law enforcement are concentrated
Ehy mine is a rare question: what do you know about art on dark web? I'm talking about the black market made of stolen important pieces from museums, art used as value to money laundry and other criminal affairs I'm an artist and what I know is people don't think too much about the dark side of art and probably they need to open their eyes about I really haven't come across much in the way of that. Some of the markets have an "art" section, but that is mostly blotter art
How accurate are the legends? Any legends in particular? For a lowdown copied from a post I made in another forum:
1Red Rooms  The one that is most persistent is the myth of the "Red Room" - live streaming of torture/rape that ends in the murder of the victim and which people can pay to watch, or even bid to type in commands for the torturer to carry out (highest bid wins!). The most famous was the “ISIS Red Room” pictured above, where people could provide instructions to torture captured terrorists - you can read what happened here.
People have this idea of Hostel with webcams exist all over the dark web, but you just need an invite to get into them. It's ridiculous. They don't exist. They certainly wouldn't exist on Tor. But people are desperate to believe and they always come back with "You can't prove they don't exist, people are crazy, therefore they must exist." Picture my eyes rolling here.
2.Hitman sites
I don't think many people are taken in by the hitmen sites anymore, though the press loves playing up the fact that there are sites offering up hitman services. But every single one of them has turned out to be a scam, especially Besa Mafia, the one that did the most marketing. Again, you can read about it at the same link as above.
3.Exotic animals  People are always asking where they can find markets for exotic animals. Obviously the illegal trade in exotic animals exists, and some communications and transactions may well take place over Tor, but there are no markets like the drug markets where you can go and look at a picture and then put a tiger or ocelot or something into your basket and buy it with bitcoin.
SO WHAT DOES HAPPEN ON THE DARK WEB?
1.People buy and sell drugs.
The drug markets are more busy than ever. You have probably heard of Silk Road, the most famous online drug market that got busted a few years ago and the owner sent to prison for two consecutive life terms? A lot of people thought that was the end of drugs being sold on the dark web. In fact, dark web sales of drugs have tripled since the shutdown of Silk Road.
The reason people buy drugs this way is that for many they offer a safer alternative for people who are going to do drugs anyway. There is no possibility of any violence. The vast majority of the time a buyer knows exactly what they are getting, because of the feedback and rating system. That's not the case in a nightclub, or even friends-of-friends, where you just blindly accept that the pill, powder or tab is what the seller says it is.
2.People buy and sell other illegal things
Mostly they buy and sell stolen credit cards and financial information, fake IDs (though lots of these are scams), personal information, “dumps” of hacked data and fraud-related items. For a long time, a seller was making a fortune selling fake discount coupons that really worked.
3.People access and create childporn  Unlike the other markets, the CP market is generally not for money, but rather they are groups who swap vile images and videos for free. The worst of the worst is called “hurtcore’. Thankfully, most of the people behind the worst sites have been arrested and put in jail.
4.People talk about stuff
There are plenty of sites, forums and chatrooms where people talk about all sorts of things - conspiracies, aliens, weird stuff. They take advantage of the anonymity.
5.People anonymously release information
Whistleblowers use the dark web to release information and make sure their identities won't be compromised. You will find Wikileaks, for example, on the dark web.
6.People surf the web anonymously
The number 1 thing people use the dark web for is just to surf the web completely anonymously. Not everybody wants to be tracked by advertisers.
I have a question: what are the odds of the casual Darkweb drug buyer - not buying mega loads all the time - the occasional purchase - what are the risks of being busted? Kinda figuring pretty low. But you’re the expert. What do you think? Obviously there is always a risk, but the risk is very low. It is rare for personal amounts to be seized. Even if a package is seized, there's usually no resources to follow it up. Many people report simply receiving a letter from Customs saying they have seized what they believe is contraband and the person has a choice of going to claim it or it will be destroyed. Even if LE does knock on the door there is plausible deniability: "I don't know who sent that stuff to me".
So yeah, rare, but it does happen. You might be the unlucky one
How do you find things on the dark web without search engines? There are a lot of entry sites, set up with links to the most popular places. You can generally get a link to one of them by browsing places like reddit. From there it is a matter of checking out different places, people will put links in forums etc.
I also use a Pastebin where people paste sites they have made/found, and a Fresh Onion site, which crawls all the newly-populated .onion addresses
Hi. there!! Thank you for answering questions. Mine is very simple. How do sellers get the drugs to people? Regular mail? That's always puzzled me bc I'd assume USPS, UPS, fedEx or any other mail carrier would catch at least some goods. If people are ordering drugs, particularly in powder form, for personal use, they can be flattened, sealed in MBB (moisture barrier baggies) and sent in a regular business envelope, indistinguishable from billions of other envelopes going through the postal system every day. The chances of a particular package being intercepted is very low.
Some people take the extra precaution of having the person taking delivery of the drugs different to the person/household that is ordering them.
How did you move from being a corporate lawyer to researching and writing about dark web? I was in London, working for one of the most conservative law firms in the world when the Global Financial Crisis hit. I liked the job but it struck me when people were losing their livelihoods that I was working for the bad guys. I'd always wanted to be a writer so when I came back to Australia I quit law and enrolled in a writing course planning to be a novelist, but I discovered I was better at journalism. I first wrote for newspapers here about Silk Road and it grew from there
I've always wanted to check out the dark web, what is a normal day for you look like on there? Can you give me any tips on how to safely surf the dark web? A normal day looks like me sitting at my desk writing things on my computer. When I'm researching a book or a case I venture away from my computer to trials and to interview people (at least I did pre-COVID)
There is nothing inherently unsafe in surfing the dark web. All the usual precautions you take surfing the clearweb apply. Don't visit any child exploitation sites - it will be pretty obvious that's what they are by the names/descriptions before you log in.
It is only when you want to do more than surfing - e.g. buying drugs etc - that you need to do a LOT of homework or you will absolutely get scammed
Is there anything good about the dark web? It depends what you are into. A lot of academic research has concluded that the darknet markets provide a safer way for people to buy and use drugs, due to the ratings of vendors, services that independently test and report back on batches of drugs, doctor on staff ready to answer questions, no violence in transactions etc.
News sites provide a dark web option so that whistleblowers can safety provide information and upload documents that get stripped of any identifying metadata before being available.
It bypasses firewalls and allows for secure communications under hostile regimes
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How does this make you feel about the idea of the decriminalization of drugs? I've always been for full legalization of drugs, and studying the darknet markets just proved I was right.
I was invited to an experts roundtable in Portugal about drugs and cybercrime a few years ago and the Portugal model of decriminalisation has been a great success
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Hey, you are still answering. Been reading this thread for 1-2 hours now. Thank you so much for all the good work and info! Always been intrigued by this topic, downloaded tor once to explore a bit but couldn’t and deleted it right away, to be on the safer side. Great insights. Thanks! I've been writing it for about 14 hours. Going a bit loopy
How was working on Casefile? What's the production process like? Which episodes did u do?? I have listened to... all of them.... I absolutely LOVE working for Casefile. I am a freelancer, so I source and write my own cases and then sell the scripts to Casefile. I've done at least a dozen, but some of my most popular are Amy Allwine, Mark & John, Ella Tundra, Leigh Leigh, Rebecca Schaeffer...
As for the production process, once I have sold the script to them, a staff member edits them and then they are passed on to Casey to narrate. After that, they go to Mike for sound editing, music etc. They are the best team ever
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Oh, Leigh Leigh was so well written!! How do you choose which stories to write? Do you just pick true crime you're interested in? Thank you! I have a huge list of potential episodes. Any time I come across an interesting crime on reddit, or in the news or wherever I make a note of it. Then I just pick one when it comes time to write a new script.
Sometimes I've been personally involved (e.g. Amy Allwine), gone to trials etc. Those are always the best ones
Hi Eiley, your twitter just reminded me of this AMA :) What are your thoughts on bitcoin? And would you prefer to be paid in crypto or fiat? OOOOH, I know that name! Love & Light to you!
I like Bitcoin and I wish I had a whole lot of it and like many many people, I wish I had kept the first crypto I bought at something like $4 a coin :D I do not have a whole lot of it but I do have a little bit. I like the philosophy behind it and in theory it should change the world. However the reality is that the vast majority of it is concentrated in a very few hands which allows for market manipulation and stops it being useful as a post-fiat currency.
As long as I'm getting paid, I'm pretty happy!
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I too remember your name Pluto! Such a decent human ❤ he is!! True OG right there <3
Is the dark web subject to more racism than its counterpart, the world wide web? There are some white power sites and that sort of thing and the chans are even more uncensored than the clearweb ones (4chan, 8chan) but to be honest they are the same cesspools in different spots. Drug forums don't seem to be very racist. I've seen worse on Twitter
Have you seen any consequential political or social organizing being carried out on the dark web? Not directly, but the dark web helped facilitate the Arab Spring uprising in 2010 by allowing activists to remain anonymous and to access blocked websites and social media. Wikileaks, obviously. Some white supremacy organizations seem to use it to coordinate attacks, but they are not places I'm keen to hang out in.
What’s the most expensive thing for sale you’ve seen on the dark web? What was surprisingly inexpensive? I can't remember specific listings, but there were sometimes sales of things like coke by the kilo, so that sort of thing I guess.
LSD could easily be found for $1/tab and one huge dealer gave it away for free if it was for personal use
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1. I’m going to ask a couple in hopes that one will catch your interest! I know you’re anonymous on the dark web, but even so, have you ever felt worried about your safety? I actually made the decision to be upfront and honest about who I am on the dark web, so I use the name OzFreelancer (which is easily traceable to my real name) on all the dark web sites where i went looking for interviews. The people there had the option of talking to me or not, so they had no reason to want to harm me.
2. I’ve found your comments about your relationship with Yura fascinating. Did y’all develop a friendship? Did you build any other relationships that stand out in your mind? Since you were straightforward about being on the dark web for stories, did people seem reluctant to communicate, or were they excited for the opportunity to divulge a secret? We do have a friendship of sorts, it is really quite weird. I do hope to met him one day. I met all of the senior staff of Silk Road other than the Dread Pirate Roberts himself and keep in touch with some. Some people wanted nothing to do with me of course, but many more were happy to talk to me. i think sometimes it was a relief to them to be able to talk to one person who they knew was who they said they were.
3. On violent forums, did users ever express remorse, guilt, shame, or anything indicative of some recognition that what they were viewing/seeking was awful? Do you see doxxing teams on the dark web working together to uncover info, or is the info already there through previous hacks/breaches, and someone just accesses and releases it? Sorry if any of those don’t make sense! I’m not familiar with the dark web lingo but am so intrigued by your work. Not really. I think if they were contributing to the forums, they were comfortable with who they were and what they were doing. Many of the "regular" pedophiles expressed revulsion about Lux and hurtcore sites though
these have probably been asked before but has there ever been a time where you where genuinely been scared for your life and whats the most messed up thing you've witnessed did you have any help? Yeah both things have been answered in this thread, so I'll cut'n'paste
The only time I've felt even slightly in danger despite all this nosing around in there was when I helped uncover a hitman scam. The owner of Besa Mafia, the most profitable murder-for-hire site in history, came after me when I started writing about him. He made loads of threats ("you don't know who I am, but I know who you are and where you live") but that wasnt scary, as I had access to the backdoor of his site thanks to a friendly hacker and knew he didn't really want to hurt anybody.
It took a bit of a darker turn when he told the people who had signed up to work as hitmen on his site - and who he made video themselves burning cars with signs on them to advertise how legit his site was, then never sent them the promised money for doing so - that I was the owner of the site who had ripped them off. That could have become ugly, but luckily even the thugs weren't dumb enough to believe him.
The only other time I've been a bit nervous was when Homeland Security wanted to have a "friendly" meeting with me on one of my trips to the US to attend a trial. They were friendly, but scary too.
The most frightening experience I've ever had is coming face to face with Lux, the owner of Pedoempire and Hurt2theCore, the most evil and reviled person on the entire dark web. He was responsible for procuring and hosting Daisy's Destruction, the most repulsive video ever made, created by Peter Scully, whose crimes were so bad, the Philippines are considering reinstating the death penalty especially for him.
It wasn't frightening because Lux was frightening - he was anything but. It was frightening because he looked so inoffensive and normal.
It was frightening because he was living proof that monsters walk among us and we never know.
[deleted] It is absolute crap for browsing the clearweb, and a lot of sites detect that it is odd traffic and you have to solve their CAPTCHAs before doing the most basic things
I’m sure you’ve seen some really bad stuff, do you regularly talk to a therapist to help? I've never seen a therapist (they don't really seem to be a thing in Australia they way they are in the US), but I have been known to unload on my partner and my dog
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Yo, speaking as an Aussie, they absolutely are a thing, you can get them covered thru medicare, and I recommend it if you possibly can! Bro, therapy is awesome. I'm not against therapy as a thing, but I've honestly never been so traumatised that I feel I need it. Also I had a bad experience with a psychologist after I watched my partner die in an accident - they suggested I find God, and I noped out of there
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Therapist is an American term- we call them psychs. And the one who told you to find God was terrible and out of line. Yeah she didn't last long before I was over it. Also a doctor decided I needed Xanax, which was also a bad move, because what I really needed was to grieve and Xanax doesn't let you do that properly
Do you find any good things on the dark web? Happy stuff that gives people hope? Or just the trash? I like the psychonaut communities. They just want peace, love and mungbeans for everybody
Have you heard of "The Primarch System" rumor of the dark web? Sounds downright silly to me. But I'm curious if anyone who spends time on the deep web actually takes it seriously, or if as an idea it is connected to anything serious at all. Nah, up there with the Shadow Web and Mariana's Web. There's always people who want to find out where the "deeper" "more secret" "really dark" stuff is. To them I say what, hurtcore isn't dark enough for you?
Doesn't delving the murky depths of child predator forums categorize you with the child predators in the eyes of an investigating law enforcement agency? Do you have some sort of amnesty due to your journalism, or is that something you worry about having to explain away? Has your presence there ever caused some sort of a scare? No, I never went into any of the sites that had actual photos or videos (you can't un-see that shit), but did spend a lot of time in pedophile discussion forums. I also went to a hurtcore hearing and saw screenshots in the police files, as well as listening for two days to videos being described frame-by-frame and private communications between the site owner and the sadists.
Besides drugs and sex crimes, what else is going on in the dark web? Are there other interesting nooks and crannies? I often post screenshots of bizarre sites I find on my Twitter. However, the main uses for the dark web are drugs, digital/fraud goods and child exploitation
I have one, it might be rather boring though, but here goes. On these "child predator forums" are they actually forums devoted to stalking children and do they share social media profiles of children among themselves? That would be kik ids, snapchat and facebook ids, instagram, stuff like that, info that would allow online access and that may have been chosen for suitability? Creepy question I know, but anyway I would be interested to hear your answer. I came here from TrueCrime, you referred to these things in your post on that sub. I suspect I already know the answer yet would like to hear your take on it. Yes, they provide information and tips on how to approach children, how to ensure they won't tell, how to sedate them in some instances, where to find child exploitation material, how to remove metadata and any identifying characteristics in photos and videos before sharing and so on.
They don't tend to share socia media, as that is the sort of thing that can be traced easily. They do talk about how to approach kids on social media and on the worst forums how to blackmail children into stripping/meeting etc
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So you're saying they have a more general approach rather than identifying individual children on the internet? Again a creepy question because what I suggest is that a child's social media could be used and circulated on the dark web as potential information to gain access by anonymity, even if it was just online access only. I actually wonder as I have recently read of the anonymity of apps like ''kik messenger'' and how the police are often unable to get any information from the communications as they remain encrypted and off the server and require little if any valid ID to make an account. No doubt photos from social media are uploaded as part of the materials they have. I haven't seen anything where they get together and try to track down a specific child, but I'm sure some predators do this. Most are more likely to abuse children in their orbit - family, kids of friends, or they work where they have access to children
I heard there are forums to download books but it was really dangerous, Is it true? I'm just a poor guy who wants to finish the young Jack sparrow series Whenever you download anything from a pirate site you run the risk of infection
What do you think of QAnon? Wackjob conspiracy
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Who should the conspiracy theorists actually be worried about if they actually care about thwarting pedophilia? The vast, vast majority of child abuse takes place within the child's personal orbit - relatives, family friends, parents of their own friends, people involved in their activities (coaches, leaders, etc)
So, those people
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Also how to we get people to stop believing in QAnon? Outside my area of expertise, sorry
do you personally believe there was/is any truth to the "defense" (story) that DPR was a title handed down to different admins for the original silk road, or was it just a convenient defense? do you have any theories as to who satoshi nakamoto is? besides the original SR, are there any other darkweb markets that you think have a good enough story to turn into a book? eg sheep market? i've seen you talk a little about the child predator forums, and (as with h2tc) noted are mainly populated by males. i'm curious if you've ever encountered females on such forums/websites (eg. btfk) No. There was a time that I believed the person posting on the forums as DPR changed, but the ownership and administration of the market I believe never changed hands. Variety Jones is claiming a part ownership (which may or may not be true) but I believe that is so he can run a Fourth Amendment argument
So many theories have some credibility to them, but no one theory ticks all the boxes. Highly recommend the 3-part youtube deep dive by Barely Sociable
I'm not sure any one market has the story that Silk Road had, but I would like to write a definitive history that encompasses the most compelling features of all the markets. Backopy of BMR apparently got away clean. The admins of Atlantis got wind of a security issue and closed shop, trying to warn DPR. AlphaBay ended in Alexander Cazes death in a Bangkok prison cell. Then everyone flocked to Hansa, which by that time was being run by law enforcement. Evolution ended in the most brazen exit scam, followed by a bizarre cloak'n'dagger situation played out right here on reddit. The WSM/DDW follow-the-money case. And these are just some that come right off the top of my head. I just need a publisher to provide me an advance I can live off while I write it!
There were a very few people on the forums who identified as female (obvs anyone can be anyone on a dark web forum) and there have been one or two arrests of women in relation to dark web child pornography. Peter Scully's female assistant who carried out some of the torture was originally one of his victims, turned into a sadist.
What’s the one lingering unanswered question you have about SR? I am hanging out for Joel Ellingson to go to trial so that I can find out once and for all whether redandwhite, lucydrop and Tony76 are one and the same person.
There are several people who I got to "know" by their handles who I wonder about from time to time, but mostly I hope they are safe and well and i don't want to track them down or expose them
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Eileen, I am fangirling PRE-TTY hard right now. Talking SR and Tony76 with you is how I imagine it feels to talk to a royal correspondent about Prince Andrew 😅 Ellingson being all three would be a very neat end to an otherwise insane story. Part of me wants to pin Oracle in with that trio too but that’s mostly a desperate attempt from me to add another layer to the madness. I miss the twists and turns that came with the rise and fall of SR. From your own experience - would you agree with the idea that more than one person staffed the DPR account? Thanks for the reply! Ha! You have no idea what it is like when I find someone who really knows about this stuff and can have informed conversations about it. I latch onto them and don't let go. The very BEST was meeting up with DPR's three deputies (SSBD in Australia, Inigo in US and Libertas in Ireland) so I could actually have conversations with people who knew more than I did! Variety Jones was cool too, but the conversation couldn't flow too freely thanks to him being incarcerated in Bangkok prison at the time.
I think others sometimes posted from the forum account, but Ulbricht kept a vice-like grip on his market account
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I can imagine it’s so satisfying and exciting to get those tidbits of info that piece the jigsaw together. The bedlam that played out over the forum in the aftermath was a cloud of paranoia and adrenaline that kept me refreshing pages for days. Would love to hear accounts from SSBD, Inigo and Libertas from this time. One last question: what were your thoughts when the Chloe Ayling story first broke? I assumed it was a publicity stunt. I don't think that any more. I guess I can't blame her for milking her kidnapping for publicity in the aftermath, though I don't think she does herself any favors the way she goes about it sometimes
Sorry if this has been covered before but in your research, mainly related to child abuse, where are these children coming from? Children in their care/ family? Kidnapped? The vast majority of child abuse is carried out by someone within their social circle - family and acquaintances. However, the hurtcore stuff was often carried out in third world countries on orphans or where desperate families gave up their children to "benefactors" who they believed were going to provide food an education
What Casefile episodes have you written? I became obsessed with it and ripped through all the episodes and now nothing will fill that void. Thanks for your efforts! Casefile – the murder of Amy Allwine
Casefile – Blue Skies, Black Death
Casefile – Ella Tundra
Casefile – Dnepropetrovsk Maniacs
Casefile – Motown Murders
Casefile – Rebecca Schaeffer
Casefile – Sian Kingi
Casefile – John & Mark
Casefile – Shauna Howe
Casefile – Chloe Ayling
Casefile – Johnny Altinger
Casefile – Killer Petey
Casefile – The Santa Claus Bank Robbery
Casefile – Martha Puebla
Casefile – Leigh Leigh
Is there any way parents can keep their kids safe from this without being helicopter parents? I'll cut'n'paste a response i gave to someone else about this, because it was something that really stuck out to me:
The one thing I found really interesting when I was lurking the forums of the child predators was their frustration about how children are now taught from a very young age that certain touching and acts are wrong and that they shouldn't keep certain secrets. It came up over and over again that they could not abuse certain children because they knew those children had someone they would tell. It was pretty clear that education was a child's best defence against getting abused. Kids who speak up and who have close relationships with one or more people they are likely to confide in
What does it take in terms of degrees and experience to get into this business? Nothing official. I was a lawyer, but that had no bearing on what I do now (I did corporate law). I didn't have any official credentials when I began as a freelance journalist, though later I got a diploma of professional writing and editing. Anyone can be an author, provided they can write
If you could take a guess from your findings, what would be some speculative statistics on these abuse/torture sites? How many people (tens of thousands?) are involved? Do they generally come from the same places in the world or are they seemingly geographically random (based on victim ethnicity, or language spoken, perhaps)... what are some quantifying stats to wrap our heads around how prevalent this shit is? Most dark web users come from western countries, just because infrastructure supports it. The sites often have tens of thousands of registered users, but a lot of them would be people for whom curiosity got the better of them and who signed up then left. Active users more like in the thousands, hyper-active users the hundreds.
One of the things that makes life difficult for law enforcement is that most of these sites don't operate on a commercial basis - people aren't making money from them, so there is no cryptocurrency chain to follow. They operate on a sharing basis and to get access to the more private parts of the sites, a user has to upload "fresh" material and/or prove they are actively abusing a child. Hurt2theCore used to get users to have the children hold up signs or have the site name or a username written on their bodies with a marker. This stopped law enforcement from getting access to those parts (like the "producers lounge") of the sites unless they were able to take over an account of a user who already had access. Even then, the rules of the hurtcore sites would require constant new proof in order to maintain access.
Some sites allowed people to buy access, such as one called "Welcome to Video" and then were taken down by law enforcement carrying out blockchain analysis of the Bitcoin transaction that led to the owner when they cashed out to fiat without moneylaundering precautions
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Do you think LE uses deep fakes to simulate a picture to gain access? Is that possible? It is definitely possible, but I don't know whether they are doing it as they are understandably secretive about their methods. I know it is deeply problematic, as even fake child porn is still illegal (even cartoon stuff, including some Hentai in some countries). But they have used questionable methods before, most notably running the dark web's largest site, Playpen, for over a year in order to identify contact offenders
the below is another reply to the original answer
Am I hearing you that many people are NOT doing this for financial gain? Just to do it and share it?? Child exploitation, yes, it is mostly a sharing community. Some people make some money out of it, but it is not like drugs where a lot of people are making a LOT of money
On the subject of abused kids... did you ever help the kids in any way? I never met any of the kids. I never saw any of the photos and videos. I don't know who any of the kids are.
Daisy has been taken into care and her identity changed. I hope she is doing okay
What exactly does the dark web look like? You hear about it often, but don’t know if it looks like Google Chrome, Safari, or just a page full of code. It looks like a normal browser and operates just like a normal browser. It's just that it can access sites that your normal browser can't.
e.g. http://thehub5himseelprs44xzgfrb4obgujkqwy5tzbsh5yttebqhaau23yd.onion/index.php is the URL of a dark web forum. If you plug it into your normal browser you will get an error. If you plug it into the Tor browser you will get the registration page for The Hub
How do you keep yourself from hating all humanity? I am happy to report that, even on the dark web, the good people outnumber the bad
Hi! First off I'd like to say that I find what you do quite fascinating and would love to do something like that in the future. My question is in regards to art and other forms of artistic expression on the dark web. Is it true that the dark web is a place where you can also find awesome things such as art and literature? Not really, because all that stuff is readily available on the clearweb. There are sites like the Imperial Library of Trantor, which is a pirate site for books, where you can read thousands of books for free, but that's really no different to The Pirate Bay. Some people share their LSD art, but again, nothing you won't find on the clearweb
submitted by 500scnds to tabled [link] [comments]

The Future Of The Accounting Industry Using Blockchain

The Future Of The Accounting Industry Using Blockchain
Link to our website: https://block.co/the-future-of-the-accounting-industry-using-blockchain/
Blockchain as an immutable and incorruptible ledger of different types of data finds its natural expression in accounting. Or, we could reverse the concept in that accounting is the most natural application for blockchain technology. Modern accounting is based on the double-entry system which, since the Renaissance time, allowed managers to realize whether they could trust their own books.
In the double-entry system, transactions are recorded in terms of debits and credits. Since a debit in one account neutralizes a credit in another, the sum of all debits must equal the sum of all credits. Double-entry bookkeeping allows firms to maintain records that show what the firm owns and owes, and also what the firm has earned and spent over any given period of time. Triple entry accounting is a more recent enhancement of the traditional double-entry system in which all accounting entries, including purchases of inventory and supplies, sales, taxes, utility expenses, and so forth, are cryptographically sealed by a third entry.
With blockchain, these entries occur in the same distributed, public ledger rather than in separate books, creating an interlocking system of immutable accounting records. Being distributed and cryptographically sealed, manipulating, or destroying these entries is practically impossible. Companies using blockchain triple-entry bookkeeping acquire major benefits from adoption. First, it helps auditors quickly and easily access and verify financial data, thus reducing considerably the cost and time necessary to conduct an audit. Second, it helps preserve the integrity of a company’s financial statements since an encrypted signature of the counterparty is required in order to be accepted as valid, thus drastically reducing the risk of counterfeits.
While most operations are still performed manually or, even if delivered on software are still labor-intensive tasks and far from being automated, blockchain appears as the technology needed to simplify and improve regulatory compliance, enhance the prevalent double-entry bookkeeping, reduce fraud, auditing processes and errors. In essence, blockchain technology enables complete verification without the need of a trusted party.
https://preview.redd.it/4jhr2h0papj51.png?width=768&format=png&auto=webp&s=39112eee34bcc485c2c43fd177f72ec8873ab9ce
On 10th August, Block.co CEO Alexis Nicolaou appeared on The Future of Accounting Industry using Blockchain webcast to discuss upcoming changes in accounting along with Dr. Maria Papadaki, Managing Director at BUiD Dubai Center for Risk and Innovation and Raymond Abrea, President & CEO of Philippine Abrea Consulting Group, hosted by Legal Solutions expert and Senior Executive of CACI, Edward Logan.
Maria Papadaki has more than 10 years of experience in Risk Management from both academia and industry, with numerous years in the implementation, development, improvement, and management of risk frameworks, tools, and techniques. She believes that “Blockchain is going to introduce a new component in accounting that’s going to make the work easier. It will provide a link between the two double-entry books together in an open way and will put things in order. Auditing will also become easier while trust, fraud, and compliance issues will all become obsolete with the open and distributed blockchain because it’s hard to cheat when everybody is watching. It will reveal less human interface with immutable, accurate, and easy to verify transactions. Accounting needs to be innovated with international links between institutions, organizations, and businesses”.
Raymond Abrea, based in the Philippines, is also Co-Chair of the Ease of Doing Business (EODB) Task Force on Paying Taxes and the brainchild of the TaxWhizPH mobile app. He was recognized as one of the 2017 Outstanding Young Persons of the World. “As a tax consultant, I choose integrity over profit with our game-changing strategy to do what is right and help the client pay the right taxes while pushing for genuine tax reform as an important contribution to the nation-building of the Philippines”. “I am not a blockchain expert — continues Raymond — but someone who will benefit from it and as a company we collaborate with various institutions to help implement blockchain to fight corruption, fraud, more errors, and so forth. Tax compliance review, tax audit, and assessment will all gain efficiency with the blockchain thanks to smoother processes while saving time and money. It normally takes about one month to go through all the procedures of tax registration and payment before it’s all approved by the government, and we believe blockchain will cut that time considerably.”
So, do accountants need to fear for their jobs?
Whenever new technologies appear, there is widespread worry among different sectors that jobs might be impacted and specific professions are abolished. As webcast guests repeatedly affirmed during the event, blockchain will surely disrupt accounting in that both professionals and clients will be offered safer and more immutable records while making processes easier and faster but the responsibilities of accountants will largely remain intact. Auditing will also be disrupted with the disuse of paper trail documents and the adoption of encrypted key data verification supporting financial statements, thus reducing costs and time for the audit payer. Also, regulatory compliance can be verified more efficiently.

Alexis Nicolaou has over 25 years’ experience in C-suite positions in Accountancy, Finance, Electronic Banking, Electronic Banking Software, Media, and he currently also serves on the board of Directors of Grant Thornton Cyprus’ Distributed Ledger Technologies business unit. “I am an accountant myself and one thing accountants should not worry about is that they would lose their jobs with blockchain. On the contrary, their jobs will evolve and will be enhanced. As all entries in blockchain are distributed and cryptographically sealed, it is virtually impossible to destroy or manipulate that information. This so-called triple entry bookkeeping model will be accessible to all relevant parties. The auditor, the regulator, the client will all have an identical copy of the ledger at all times; it will be distributed across a peer to peer network of nodes and shared in multiple sites”.
Despite having all the information agreed by all parties and timestamped in the blockchain, businesses will still need to hire good accountants to interpret and categorize that information, and they will have to implement and maintain the system. So, no, the accountant’s job is not at risk. As the info is secured, encrypted, and transmitted to a network of members, accountants will be able to provide more real-time advice and guidance to the client and their role will actually be more consistent. “The future accountant will need to be more skilled in IT and not just with numbers” carries on Alexis.
Block.co has introduced electronic correspondence and filing for a while now, and that translates into a major reduction of costs, paper waste, and time. It all started in 2014 when the University of Nicosia began to issue certificates on the blockchain. They anchored the fingerprint of that document (certificate) on the blockchain. They then shared it with their students, and all a student had to do when they went for a job interview was to present that PDF file, while all the employer had to do is drag and drop that PDF file.
“Many businesses — continues Alexis — shy away from electronic archiving systems but using a blockchain makes it possible to prove the integrity of a file and the way we do it at Block.co is by generating the hash, a fingerprint of that file, and timestamping it on the open and public Bitcoin blockchain. We developed a platform where all we have to do is drag and drop a PDF file and this can be done with any type of document, an invoice, a legal document, a medical certificate. I remember back in the ’90s, when I started the profession, everything was much longer and burdensome because it was done on paper. This is what I mean when I say that the accounting profession needs to evolve and embrace more IT skills in order to stand up to the competition with other more innovative companies.”
During the webcast, Raymond asked a compelling question about how will blockchain be implemented. Will it be powered by governments or by private initiative? Since the Philippines started adopting digital systems, they still have issues with government compliance, therefore any technological innovation takes a long time to be implemented. “In Dubai for example — advises Dr. Papadaki — blockchain adoption is mandated by the government which makes everything easier. They are driving all initiatives to report improvement and adapt it in an excellent way. I think Cyprus is going that way too, therefore, it ultimately depends on the individual country”.
Alexis, also, believes that it’s extremely important for the government to be on board. Malta, for instance, was the first country to introduce legislation concerning blockchain and Cyprus is following suit and their initiative has been particularly successful because local governments actively participated and promoted the adoption of the technology. “Private institutions are running it but to have a global acceptance governments will need to embrace it too. Governments have come to understand, especially during the pandemic, that we need to push innovation in technology so hopefully, this will put pressure on them to adopt blockchain more quickly”.
For more info, contact Block.co directly or email at [email protected].
Tel +357 70007828
Get the latest from Block.co, like and follow us on social media:
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submitted by BlockDotCo to u/BlockDotCo [link] [comments]

Why Everyone Missed the Most Important Invention in the Last 500 Years

Why Everyone Missed the Most Important Invention in the Last 500 Years submitted by matias_nomad to Bitcoin [link] [comments]

100 Reasons to Buy Bitcoin

  1. Bitcoin is the most censorship resistant money in the world.
  2. You don't have to buy a “whole” bitcoin so don't freak out if you look at the price. You can buy a piece of one no problem.
  3. The Dallas Mavericks accept Bitcoin on their website. You don't trust Mark Cuban. He's the best shark.
  4. Bitcoin is the best performing asset of the last decade (better than S&P500).
  5. Diversify your current portfolio.
  6. It's not illegal in the USA.
  7. You holding just one satoshi slightly limits the supply and can rise the price for everyone else.
  8. [In late 2019] hash rate is the highest it has ever been
  9. Suicide insurance; if Bitcoin rises in price there is no worse feeling than regret.
  10. Some of the smartest people in computer science and cryptography are working on it. Trust nerds.
  11. Look at the all time historical chart. No technical analysis just tell me what you think when you look at it.
  12. Money is a belief system... and I want to believe.
  13. Transparent ledger, no funny business going on it's easy to audit.
  14. Elon Musk appears to be a fan. How's that for an appeal to authority
  15. There is a fixed limit in the number of bitcoins that will exist. 21 million bitcoin, 7 billion people on earth. Do the math.
  16. There are so many examples of governments inflating their currency to the point where it becomes unusable. Read the wikipedia page for Venezuela or Zimbabwe.
  17. Altcoins make sacrifices in either security or centralization. There are altcoins out there that claim to be innovating but just check the scoreboard nothing has flipped Bitcoin in market value or even gotten close.
  18. With technology developing at a rate faster than law, governments and for-profit businesses have the ability to monitor our purchases, location, our habits, and all of this has happened without consent. People made jokes and conspiracy theory, but sometimes conspiracy is real. Most people are good, but there is absolutely evil out there. There are absolutely evil people in positions of power. There are absolutely evil people that work together in positions of power. Does anyone actually believe that Jeffrey Epstein committed suicide. Go read about Leslie Wexner. Go read the cypherpunk manifesto.
  19. The upcoming halvening in 2020 will reduce the number of Bitcoin created in each block, making them more scarce, and if history repeats more valuable.
  20. Bitcoin has lower fees than traditional banking.
  21. Gold has the advantage of being a physical thing. But unlike gold you know Bitcoin is not forged, or mixed with another metal, and you can easily break it into tiny pieces and send it over the internet to someone.
  22. Bitcoin could spark new interests maybe you start to read more into economics, computer science, or Brock Pierce.
  23. Bitcoin has survived with no leader, marketing team, public relations, or legal team.
  24. Because Wired magazine said Bitcoin was dead at $2, Forbes said it was dead at $15, NY Times at $208, and CNN at $333.
  25. Just do a cost benefit analysis. What happens if Bitcoin fails and it goes to zero vs. what happens if it succeeds, and becomes world money.
  26. Bitcoin encourages long term thinking, planning, saving. Due to inflation we are punished by holding on to cash. Look up the statistics on the average savings account while we are bombarded with consumerist bullshit like Funko pop heads, Loot crate subscription services, and new syrup flavors for coffee. Currently we are encouraged to spend now, seek immediate gratification, and ignore what we are becoming as Amazon picks out our clothes and toothpaste ships it to the house and we sit and watch streaming services where content is pushed to us and I'm supposed to buy that this garbage is actually “trending”. Our lives have become so comfortable that idiots spend $60 to escape a room and have someone take your picture when you get out. What would our ancestors think.
  27. Maybe you're a day trader looking to use a trading bot in an unregulated market.
  28. Bitcoin has 7 letters in it. Lucky number 7.....
  29. Bitcoin promises to bank the unbanked, and provide services to those not otherwise “qualified” to open a bank account.
  30. It's just cool, don't you want to seem smart to all your friends.
  31. The origin story is so nuts there's going to be a movie or several movies about the early days of Bitcoin. Satoshi Nakamoto remains anonymous to this day. Imagine if the inventor of the cell phone was anonymous.
  32. If you have money to burn, don't buy soda, weed, or some girls private snapchat it's a dead end put it towards Bitcoin and give it to your child in the future.
  33. To avoid getting ripped off by foreign exchange fees just because you were born one place and your friends were born in another place.
  34. Can't live off the grid in your log cabin and still use Mastercard. Bitcoin is one piece of opting out.
  35. If one country adopts BTC as the national currency, it doesn't take much thought to realise that others will follow.
  36. Join a welcoming and unique community. Everyone is super nice because they want your money.
  37. You can stick it to the baby boomers.
  38. You can stick it to the vegans.
  39. You can stick it Roger Ver.
  40. Maybe your IQ is 70 and you'll do whatever CNBC Fast Money recommends.
  41. Maybe a hacker infects your computer, records you doing that thing, and threatens to release the tape if you do not pay them 1.5 Bitcoin.
  42. You're a risk taker looking for some risky investment.
  43. Aliens attack like Independence Day, blow up major cities in major countries, your money is still safe with Bitcoin. As long as there is a some guy, some person, living on an island with a copy of the ledger out there on your'e good. We're all good.
  44. Many proposals to scale the number of transactions, may the best plan win.
  45. One day you might have to use BTC to pay taxes, buy food, and charge your Tesla.
  46. You want to support a political group and remain private.
  47. You can trust math more than you can trust people to set an emission rate.
  48. Government don't know how much you have.
  49. The first response to Bitcoin being published by Hal Finney stated that Bitcoin was positioned to reach million dollar valuation. Hal was the first bull and passed away in 2014, missing a lot #doitforHal.
  50. Baddies can't freeze your money if they mad at you.
  51. The Big Bang Theory mentioned it, maybe you want to be like Sheldon the bazinga guy.
  52. Mid-life crisis.
  53. Be contrarian. In a world where everyone zigs it's sometimes good to zag.
  54. Don't have any hobbies, and you just need a reason to get up in the morning.
  55. Enjoy learning? Bitcoin is a topic where there is so much to learn, and so much development, that it really becomes a never ending journey. For someone who likes learning, it's more productive than speedrunning a video game.
  56. Yolo. You only live once. This isn't a dress rehearsal, if there's something your kind of interested in pursue it. That's true for anything not just Bitcoin. But if you're reading this I'm assuming you're interested.
  57. Bitcoin is not a ponzi scheme. The difference is Bitcoin does not need new people buying in to work, blocks being added will continue even if the community stopped growing.
  58. With religion on the decline maybe you want to join a cult. Crypto twitter is a great echo chamber to meet like minded people.
  59. Satoshi Nakamoto found a way to distribute a global currency in a fair way with the ability to adjust the mining difficulty as we go, it's really incredible. You still need computers and electricity to mine new bitcoin today but it's an extremely fair way for people to earn. There was no premine of Bitcoin. Everyone who has Bitcoin either bought it at what the market said, or they earned it.
  60. No CEO in charge of Bitcoin to make bad decisions or a board of directors that can make changes. The users, an ever growing number, are in charge.
  61. Bitcoin has no days off, it has no workers in charge who can get sick or take a holiday.
  62. Bitcoin has survived 10 years (and more). While there will always be dangers, I'd argue that those first few years it was most vulnerable to fail.
  63. Have some trust in the cypherpunks. Anyone who held and didn't sell bitcoin as it went from pennies to five figures is not looking to get rich. They want to change the world.
  64. Potential president Tulsi Gabbard disclosed owning some.
  65. Digital money is the future, anyone who has tried Venmo can see that. Well Bitcoin is a digitally native asset.
  66. Refugees can use Bitcoin to store their wealth as they flee a failing country.
  67. Bitcoin is an open source project. Anthony Pompliano likes to call it a virus but I like how the author of the Bitcoin Standard describes it. Bitcoin is like a song. As long as one person remembers it you can't destroy a song.
  68. Triple entry accounting. When humans first started recording who owes who what we had single-entry accounting. The king's little brother would keep everything written down, but we had to really trust this guy because he could simply erase a line and that money would be gone. When double-entry accounting started to spread 500 years ago it brought with it massive innovation. Businesses could now form relationships across the ocean as they each kept a record. We did not have innovation again until Satoshi's Bitcoin, where blockchain can be used as the neutral third party to keep record. It might not sound important but blockchain allows us to agree upon an objective reality.
  69. Bitcoin is non-political.
  70. Bitcoin is easy to accept. I mean kind of. It's certainly easier than setting up a bank account.
  71. A sandwich used to cost 10 cents in America, I walk into Subway and they don't even have $5 foot longs anymore. Inflation man..
  72. It's a peaceful protest.
  73. Critics say that mining wastes electricity, but if Bitcoin adoption continues the world will actually be incentivized to produce more renewable energy. There are so many waterfalls and sources of energy in the middle of nowhere right now. People might not see a reason to build a power plant over there now, but in the future it can make business sense. Take that waterfall mine bitcoin, and sell them to the people who can't mine. It allows for a business to sell their energy anywhere.
  74. Get into debates around Bitcoin, build those critical thinking skills.
  75. “Predicting rain doesn't count, building arks does”
  76. “The best time to plant a tree was 20 years ago, the second best time is now.”
  77. "I never considered for one second having anything to do with it. I detested it the moment it was raised. It’s just disgusting. Bitcoin is noxious poison.”
  78. The immaculate conception. No cryptocurrency can have a start the grassroots way Bitcoin did, it's just impossible given how the space has changed.
  79. There are more than 1000x more U.S. dollars today than there were a hundred years ago.
  80. Bitcoin is the largest transfer of wealth this decade from the least curious to the curious.
  81. The concept of the Star Wars Cantina, Galt's Gulch, or young Beat Generation kids sitting in a basement smoking cigarettes and questioning the world can only exist if money remains fungible.
  82. You can send money to your Dad even if he lives in a country run by bad boys.
  83. Memorize your key, and walk around the world carrying your money in your head.
  84. Free speech.
  85. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=S9JGmA5_unYGmA5_unY
  86. The Federal Reserve is objectively way too powerful.
  87. John Mcafe promised that if bitcoins were not valued at 1 million dollars by the end of 2020 he would eat his own penis on national television. It will be a sad day if we don't hit that 1 million.
  88. The Apple credit card.
  89. If we ever get artificial intelligence it'll be able to interact with Bitcoin.
  90. Katy Perry is aware of crypto so if by some chance you run into her, you get one chance to strike up conversation, so here's your chance to shine. You don't ask for a picture, you don't say she's pretty, or name your favorite song. Take your shot and ask about what type of cold storage she uses for her bitcoin.
  91. Many people are afraid of a world currency because it's associated with a centralized world power taking control. Bitcoin allows for neutral world money.
  92. Stick it to Mark Zuckerberg.
  93. Developers developers developers developers developer developers.
  94. About 85% of the supply has already been mined.
  95. Bitcoin can always improve. As long as the proposal is really good the code can be upgraded, and if the baddies invent ways to hurt the chain we can just fork off it's just code.
  96. Memes
  97. Name recognition and momentum above all other cryptocurrencies.
  98. 3% discount with Bitcoin at Crescent Tide Cremation Services. Nice cant wait to die.
  99. Like having a swiss bank account in your pocket.
  100. Blow up the banks (in minecraft).
submitted by Th3M0rn1ng5h0w to Buttcoin [link] [comments]

Your most effective BSV sales pitch?

When trying to explain to people in crypto that BSV isn't a scam & that it's actually much more likely that CSW is Satoshi than most people are led to believe, what method has worked for you the best?
From my limited experience it appears that developer types become more interested when they realize people are uploading videos, music, etc. to the BSV chain.
As for explaining the CSW situation it's of course a little more difficult to get people to set aside their preconceived notions & listen with a truly open mind. The best explanation I've come up with for getting people to consider their view on CSW as "faketoshi" might be wrong is by saying something along the lines of;
You would agree the media dictates the narrative, correct? (yes)
You would agree that different media outlets more often than not have ulterior motives, correct? (yes)
You would agree that fake news is real, correct? (yes)
What type of people / entities generally control the media? People with power / money, correct? (yes)
Is there any reason why the Bitcoin / cryptocurrency community would be an exception to this rule? (no)
So whoever has money, power, & thus influence in this space could be manipulating the narrative, correct? (yes)
Considering emission rate (block subsidy halvings), who has the money / power in the Bitcoin world? Early adopters, correct? (yes)
What type of people were drawn to Bitcoin early on? What type of use cases did were they drawn to Bitcoin for? I'm sure the majority of people would agree the most prominent early use case for Bitcoin was facilitation of illicit activity on dark net markets. Even when it came to the internet things like gambling & porn were the first use cases. Bitcoin is no different. - So considering these people have the money & media influence in the space, is it not unreasonable to assume they might have dictated the narrative of the space to fit terms more favorable to their ulterior motives. What might be their motives? Eliminate their paper trail.
Bitcoin was the first immutable implementation of a triple entry accounting system. Triple entry accounting is a way of holding users accountable & Bitcoin was built for auditability - to hold people accountable. That is baked into what Bitcoin is. Layer 2 scaling solutions are attempts to cover up the paper trail associated with the Bitcoin blockchain & to relinquish users of accountability. The media has sold this "decentralize everything" an-cap maximalist mantra in order to associate Bitcoin with this internet-anarchist mindset to more easily sell the benefits of privacy & push their hidden agenda behind this anti-government guise.
To end my rant I'll leave this recent Peter Thiel quote which happens to be extremely relevant;
“In a democracy we always think the majority is right. So it’s 51/49 – 51’s probably right. If it’s a big majority it’s even more right. So 70/30 – even more right. But if it’s 100/0, 99/1, that’s where we start to suspect that we’re not in a democracy but we’re in North Korea. Or that something has gone wrong with the voting machine or something like this. So when we have these sort of hot house environments in places like Stanford or Silicon Valley where you have this complete uniformity of thought the thing you have to suspect that’s not the wisdom of crowds, it’s not that everyone’s figured out the truth, it’s a madness of crowds. It’s some psychosocial insanity.“
- Peter Thiel
submitted by namebetween3and20cha to bitcoincashSV [link] [comments]

The Exhaustive EOS FAQ

The Exhaustive EOS FAQ

 
With the large number of new readers coming to this sub we need to make information easy to access so those readers can make informed decisions. We all know there is an unusually large amount of Fear, Uncertainty and Doubt (FUD) surrounding EOS. Frankly, when clear evidence is provided it’s not that difficult to see EOS for the extremely valuable project it is. This post hopes to begin to put an end to all the misinformation by doing the following:  
  • Giving a clear and concise answer to the most frequently asked questions in regards to EOS.
  • Giving a more in-depth answer for those who want to read more.
  • Allowing readers to make informed decisions by making credible information easy to access.
 
As EOS climbs the ranks we need to recognise there are going to be a lot of skeptical readers coming over and posting their questions. Sometimes they will be irrational, hostile and often just looking for a reaction. We should make it our responsibility to welcome everyone and refrain from responding emotionally to provocative posts, instead providing factual and rational answers.
I will add to this post as and when I can, if you have any ideas or spot any mistakes let me know and I'll get them fixed ASAP. Im planning to add a bit on the team, centralisation and DPOS, governance and EOS VC shortly but please let me hear your suggestions!
 

FAQ

1. How do you registeclaim your EOS tokens before June 2018?

 
Answer courtesy of endless. If you have not done so, you will need to create a new pair of EOS public and private keys and register them with an Ethereum address. This only needs to be done once.
On or around June 1, 2018 all EOS Tokens will become frozen and non-transferable on the Ethereum blockchain. Not long after, I suspect that EOS community members will create a snapshot of token balances that carry over onto a new community generated and selected EOS blockchain. block.one will not be launching EOS blockchains or operating any of their nodes. Additionally, this is a community subreddit unaffiliated in an official capacity with block.one
Method #1: MetaMask (recommended)
Video guide: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8K1Q5hX_4-o
steemit tutorial: https://steemit.com/eos/@ash/full-walkthrough-how-to-join-eos-ico
Method #2: MyEtherWallet
steemit tutorial: https://steemit.com/eos/@sandwich/contributing-to-eos-token-sale-with-myetherwallet-and-contract-inner-workings
Method #3: Exodus Wallet
Official website tutorial: http://support.exodus.io/article/65-i-ve-received-eos-tokens-in-exodus-how-do-i-register-them
Important note courtesy of dskvry bka Sandwich, the author of Method #2's steemit tutorial:
claimAll will not work for most users. When you get to the claim step, please use the following tutorial: https://steemit.com/eos/@koyn/minimizing-the-cost-of-gas-when-claiming-eos-using-myetherwallet
Did you buy your EOS tokens on an exchange? (Courtesy of IQOptionCoin)
REMEMBER YOU ONLY NEED TO REGISTER YOUR TOKENS IF YOU BOUGHT THEM ON AN EXCHANGE. YOU DON'T NEED TO CLAIM THEM.
  1. Go to the EOS website https://eos.io
  2. Scroll down and select "GET EOS"
  3. Tick all the required boxes and click "Continue"
  4. Scroll down and click "Register"
  5. Select Metamask, MyEtherWallet, or Ethereum Wallet
  6. Follow the guide.
  7. Remember that the reason you need to register your Ethereum ERC-20 address is to include your EOS tokens in order for the balance of your EOS Tokens to be included in the Snapshot if a Snapshot is created, you must register your Ethereum address with an EOS public key. The EOS snapshot will take place prior to the 1 June 2018. After this point your ERC-20 EOS tokens will be frozen. And you will be issued EOS tokens on the EOS blockchain.
So PLEASE REGISTER your Ethereum address NOW, don't forget about it, or plan on doing it some time in the near future.
There are a lot of submissions about this in /eos, so rather than making a new one please reply to this thread with any questions you may have. Don't forget to join the EOS mailing list: https://eos.io/#subscribe and join the EOS community on your platform(s) of choice: Telegram, Discord and/or Facebook.
And remember, if anyone instructs you to transfer ETH to an EOS contract address that doesn't match the address found on https://eos.io you are being scammed.
 

Sources:

How to registeclaim your EOS tokens before June 2018 by endless
Official EOS FAQ
 

2. How will the token the ERC-20 EOS tokens be transferred to the native blockchain?

 

Quick answer:

There isn't one! Read the long answer then read it again, registering your Ethereum wallet is mandatory!
 

Long answer:

Within 23 hours after the end of the final period on June 1, 2018 at 22:59:59 UTC, all EOS Tokens will become fixed (ie. frozen) and will become non-transferrable on the Ethereum blockchain.
In order to ensure your tokens are transferred over to the native blockchain you must register your Ethereum address with an EOS public key, if you do not you will lose all your tokens! I am not going to link any tutorials as there are many that can be found by searching Google and YouTube.
block.one is helping with the development of snapshot software that can be used to capture the EOS token balance and registered EOS public key of wallets on the Ethereum blockchain. It is then down to the community to create the snapshot. This snapshot can be used when generating a genesis block for a blockchain implementing eos.io software. block.one will not be launching EOS blockchains or operating any of their nodes.
 
Exchange Support
Some exchanges have announced that they will support the token swap. Although using this method will undoubtedly be much simpler than registering the tokens yourself it also comes with its pitfalls.
  • It is highly likely there are going to be multiple networks running on the eos.io software that use the snapshot. It is highly unlikely that exchanges will support them all.
  • It is highly likely that exchanges will not support airdrops that use the snapshot.
Exchanges that have announced support for the token swap include:
 

Sources:

EOS.io
 

3. What does EOS aim to achieve?

 

Quick answer:

EOS.IO software is aiming to provide a decentralized operating system which can support thousands of industrial scale DApps by enabling vertical and horizontal scaling.
 

Long answer:

EOS.IO is software that introduces a blockchain architecture designed to enable vertical and horizontal scaling of decentralized applications. This is achieved through an operating system-like construct upon which applications can be built. The software provides accounts, authentication, databases, asynchronous communication and the scheduling of applications across multiple CPU cores and/or clusters. The resulting technology is a blockchain architecture that has the potential to scale to millions of transactions per second, eliminates user fees and allows for quick and easy deployment of decentralized applications.
 

Sources:

Official EOS FAQ
 

4. Who are the key team figures behind EOS?

 
  • CEO Brendan Blumer - Founder of ii5 (1group) and okay.com. He has been in the blockchain industry since 2014 and started selling virtual assets at the age of 15. Brenden can be found on the Forbes Cypto Rich List. Brendan can be found on Twitter.
  • CTO Dan Larimer - Dan's the visionary industry leader who built BitShares, Graphene and Steemit as well as the increasingly popular Proof of Stake Governance and Decentralised Autonomous Organization Concept. He states his mission in life is “to find free market solutions to secure life, liberty, and property for all.”. Dan can also be found on the Forbes Cypto Rich List. Dan can be found on Twitter and Medium.
  • Partner Ian Grigg - Financial cryptographer who's been building cryptographic ledger platforms for 2+ decades. Inventor of the Ricardian Contract and Triple-Entry Accounting.
 

Sources:

Forbes Crypto Rich List
 

5. Where can the latest EOS news be found?

 
Official:
Community:
Developers:
 

6. Which consensus mechanism does EOS use and what are Block Producers?

 

Quick answer:

Delegated Proof of Stake (DPOS) with Byzantine Fault Tolerance. Block Producers (BPs) produce the blocks of the blockchain and are elected by token holders that vote for them. BPs will earn block rewards for their service, these block rewards come in the form of EOS tokens produced by token inflation.
 

Long answer:

Taken from the EOS.IO Technical White Paper v2:
“EOS.IO software utilizes the only known decentralized consensus algorithm proven capable of meeting the performance requirements of applications on the blockchain, Delegated Proof of Stake (DPOS). Under this algorithm, those who hold tokens on a blockchain adopting the EOS.IO software may select block producers through a continuous approval voting system. Anyone may choose to participate in block production and will be given an opportunity to produce blocks, provided they can persuade token holders to vote for them.
The EOS.IO software enables blocks to be produced exactly every 0.5 second and exactly one producer is authorized to produce a block at any given point in time. If the block is not produced at the scheduled time, then the block for that time slot is skipped. When one or more blocks are skipped, there is a 0.5 or more second gap in the blockchain.
Using the EOS.IO software, blocks are produced in rounds of 126 (6 blocks each, times 21 producers). At the start of each round 21 unique block producers are chosen by preference of votes cast by token holders. The selected producers are scheduled in an order agreed upon by 15 or more producers.
Byzantine Fault Tolerance is added to traditional DPOS by allowing all producers to sign all blocks so long as no producer signs two blocks with the same timestamp or the same block height. Once 15 producers have signed a block the block is deemed irreversible. Any byzantine producer would have to generate cryptographic evidence of their treason by signing two blocks with the same timestamp or blockheight. Under this model a irreversible consensus should be reachable within 1 second."
 

7. How does the voting process work?

 
The voting process will begin once the Block Producer community releases a joint statement ensuring that it is safe to import private keys and vote.
Broadly speaking there will be two methods of voting:
  1. Command Line Interface (CLI) tools
  2. Web portals
EOS Canada has created eosc, a CLI tool that supports Block Producer voting. Other Block Producer candidates such as LibertyBlock are a releasing web portal that will be ready for main net launch. There will be many more options over the coming weeks, please make sure you are always using a service from a trusted entity.
Remember: Do not import your private key until you have seen a joint statement released from at least five Block Producers that you trust which states when it is safe to do so. Ignoring this warning could result in tokens lost.
 

8. What makes EOS a good investment?

 
  • Team - EOS is spearheaded by the visionary that brought us the hugely successful Bitshares and Steem - arguably with two projects already under his belt there is no one more accomplished in the space.
  • Funding - EOS is one of the best funded projects in the space. The block.one team has committed $1B to investing in funds that grow the EOS echo system. EOS VC funds are managed by venture leaders distributed around the world to insure founders in all markets have the ability to work directly with local investors. Incentives such as the EOS hackathon are also in place with $1,500,000 USD in Prizes Across 4 Events.
  • Community Focus - The team is aware that the a projects success depends almost entirely on its adoption. For this reason there has been a huge push to develop a strong world wide community. There is already a surplus number of block producers that have registered their interest and started to ready themselves for the launch and incentives the EOS hackathon are being used to grow the community. A index of projects using EOS can be found at https://eosindex.io/posts.
  • Technical Advantages - See point 9!
 

9. What are the unique selling points of EOS?

 
  • Scaleability
    • Potential to scale to millions of transactions per second
    • Inter-blockchain communication
    • Separates authentication from execution
  • Flexibility
    • Freeze and fix broken applications
    • Generalised role based permissions
    • Web Assembly
  • Usability
    • Elimination of transaction fees
    • True user accounts with usernames, passwords and account recovery (no more having to remember long cryptographic keys)
    • Web toolkit for interface development
 

Sources:

eos.io
EOS Whitepaper
 

10. Is there currently a working product?

 

Quick answer:

This depends entirely on your definition of working product. If a fully featured developer release meets your definition then yes!. Otherwise the public release will be June 2018.
 

Long answer:

EOS differs from other projects in that it aims to deliver a fully featured version of the software on launch. The Dawn 3.0 RC1 feature complete pre-release became available on April 5th. This version has all the features of the final release that is due June 2018. Further development will involve preparing the final system contract which implements all of the staking, voting, and governance mechanics. The common notion that there is no viewable code published is wrong and the initial Dawn 1.0 release has been available from September 14th 2017.
 
EOSIO V1 - June 2nd 2018
Dawn 3.0 RC1 - April 5th 2018
Dawn 3.0 Alpha - January 23rd 2018
Dawn 2.0 - December 4th 2017
Dawn 1.0 - September 14th 2017
 

Sources:

 

11. EOS is an ERC-20 token, how can it possibly be a competitor to other platforms?

 

Quick answer:

The ERC-20 token is used only for raising funds during the token distribution; all tokens will be transferred to the native blockchain once launched.
 

Long answer:

EOS team has clearly stated their reason for choosing the Ethereum network when they described the rationale behind the ICO model. Specifically, the ICO should be a fair and auditable process, with as little trust required as possible. If you believe that an ICO should be fair, auditable, and trustless, you have no choice but to use a decentralized smart contract blockchain to run the ICO, the largest, and by-far most popular of which is Ethereum. Since EOS is intended to be a major competitor for Ethereum, some have seen this as a hypocritical choice. - Stolen from trogdor on Steam (I couldn’t word it any better myself).  

Sources:

The EOS ico for dummies by trogdor
Official EOS FAQ
 

12. Why do the eos.io T&C’s say the ERC-20 token has no value?

 
The EOS T&C’s famously state:
"The EOS Tokens do not have any rights, uses, purpose, attributes, functionalities or features, express or implied, including, without limitation, any uses, purpose, attributes, functionalities or features on the EOS Platform."
 

Quick answer:

This is legal wording to avoid all the legal complications in this emerging space, block.one do not want to find themselves in a lawsuit as we are seeing with an increasing amount of other ICOs. Most notably Tezos (links below).
 

Long answer:

This all comes down to legal issues. Anyone who’s been into crypto for 5 minuets knows that government bodies such as the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) are now paying attention to crypto in a big way. This legal wording is to avoid all the legal complications in this emerging space, block.one do not want to find themselves in a lawsuit as we are seeing with an increasing amount of other ICOs. Many token creators that launched ICOs are now in deep water for selling unregistered securities.
 
A filing from the Tezos lawsuit:
"In sum, Defendants capitalized on the recent enthusiasm for blockchain technology and cryptocurrencies to raise funds through the ICO, illegally sold unqualified and unregistered securities, used a Swiss-based entity in an unsuccessful attempt to evade U.S. securities laws, and are now admittedly engaged in the conversion, selling, and possible dissipation of the proceeds that they collected from the Class through their unregistered offering."
 
To ensure EOS tokens are not classed as a unregistered security block.one has made it clear that they are creating the EOS software only and won’t launching a public blockchain themselves. This task is left down to the community, or more precisely, the Block Producers (BPs). The following disclaimer is seen after posts from block.one:
 
"block.one is a software company and is producing the EOS.IO software as free, open source software. This software may enable those who deploy it to launch a blockchain or decentralized applications with the features described above. block.one will not be launching a public blockchain based on the EOS.IO software. It will be the sole responsibility of third parties and the community and those who wish to become block producers to implement the features and/or provide the services described above as they see fit. block.one does not guarantee that anyone will implement such features or provide such services or that the EOS.IO software will be adopted and deployed in any way.”
 
It is expected that many blockchains using eos.io software will emerge. To ensure DAPPs are created on an ecosystem that aligns with the interests of block.one a $1bn fund will be has been created to incentivise projects to use this blockchain.
 

Sources:

EOS.io FAQ Great video on this topic by The Awakenment EOS $1bn Fund Announcement Article on the Tezos lawsuit Article on the Gigawatt lawsuit An official block.one post featuring disclaimer
 

13. Why is the token distribution one year long?

 
Official statement from block.one:
“A lot of token distributions only allow a small amount of people to participate. The EOS Token distribution structure was created to provide a sufficient period of time for people to participate if they so choose, as well as give people the opportunity to see the development of the EOS.IO Software prior to making a decision to purchase EOS Tokens.”
 
It is also worth noting that block.one had no knowledge how much the the token distribution would raise as it is determined by the free market and the length of the token distribution is coded into the Ethereum smart contract, which cannot be changed.
 

Sources:

EOS.io FAQ
 

14. Where is the money going from the token distribution?

 

Quick answer:

Funding for the project was raised before EOS was announced, the additional money raised from the token distribution is largely going to fund projects on EOS.
 

Long answer:

A large portion of the money raised is getting put back into the community to incentivise projects using eos.io software. block.one raised all the money they needed to develop the software before the ERC-20 tokens went on sale. There are some conspiracies that block.one are pumping the price of EOS using the funds raised. The good thing about blockchain is you can trace all the transactions, which show nothing of the sort. Not only this but the EOS team are going to have an independent audit after the funding is complete for piece of mind.
 
From eos.io FAQ:
“block.one intends to engage an independent third party auditor who will release an independent audit report providing further assurances that block.one has not purchased EOS Tokens during the EOS Token distribution period or traded EOS Tokens (including using proceeds from the EOS Token distribution for these purposes). This report will be made available to the public on the eos.io website.”
 

Sources:

EOS.io FAQ EOS $1bn Fund Announcement
 

15. Who's using EOS?

 
With 2 months from launch left there is a vibrant community forming around EOS. Some of the most notable projects that EOS software will support are:
A more complete list of EOS projects can be found at eosindex.io.
 

16. Dan left his previous projects, will he leave EOS?

 

Quick answer:

When EOS has been created Dan will move onto creating projects for EOS with block.one.
 

Long answer:

When a blockchain project has gained momentum and a strong community has formed the project takes on a life of its own and the communities often have ideas that differ from the creators. As we have seen with the Bitcoin and Ethereum hark forks you cant pivot a community too much in a different direction, especially if its changing the fundamentals of the blockchain. Instead of acting like a tyrant Dan has let the communities do what they want and gone a different way. Both the Bitshares and Steem were left in a great position and with Dans help turned out to be two of the most successful blockchain projects to date. Some would argue the most successful projects that are actually useable and have a real use case.
What Dan does best is build the architecture and show whats possible. Anyone can then go on to do the upgrades. He is creating EOS to build his future projects upon it. He has stated he loves working at block.one with Brendan and the team and there is far too much momentum behind EOS for him to possibly leave.
 

Sources:

Dans future beyond EOS
Why Dan left Bitshares
Why Dan left Steem
 

17. Is EOS susceptible to DDoS attacks?

 
No one could have better knowledge on this subject than our Block Producer candidates, I have chosen to look to EOS New York for this answer:
"DDoS'ing a block producing is not as simple as knowing their IP address and hitting "go". We have distributed systems engineers in each of our candidate groups that have worked to defend DDoS systems in their careers. Infrastructure can be built in a way to minimize the exposure of the Block Producing node itself and to prevent a DDoS attack. We haven't published our full architecture yet but let's take a look at fellow candidate EOSphere to see what we mean. As for the launch of the network, we are assuming there will be attacks on the network as we launch. It is being built into the network launch plans. I will reach out to our engineers to get a more detailed answer for you. What also must be considered is that there will be 121 total producing and non-producing nodes on the network. To DDoS all 121 which are located all around the world with different security configurations at the exact same time would be a monumental achievement."
 

Sources:

eosnewyork on DDoS attackd
EOSSphere Architecture
 

18. If block producers can alter code how do we know they will not do so maliciously?

 

Quick answer:

  • Block producers are voted in by stake holders.
  • Changes to the protocol, constitution or other updates are proposed to the community by block producers.
  • Changes takes 2 to 3 months due to the fact block producers must maintain 15/21 approval for a set amount of time while for changes to be processed.
  • To ensure bad actors can be identified and expelled the block.one backed community will not back an open-entry system built around anonymous participation.
 

Long answer:

For this question we must understand the following.
  • Governance and why it is used.
  • The process of upgrading the protocol, constitution & other updates.
  • Dan’s view on open-entry systems built around anonymous participation.
 
Governance
Cryptography can only be used to prove logical consistency. It cannot be used to make subjective judgment calls, determine right or wrong, or even identify truth or falsehood (outside of consistency). We need humans to perform these tasks and therefore we need governance!
Governance is the process by which people in a community:
  1. Reach consensus on subjective matters of collective action that cannot be captured entirely by software algorithms;
  2. Carry out the decisions they reach; and
  3. Alter the governance rules themselves via Constitutional amendments.
Embedded into the EOS.IO software is the election of block producers. Before any change can be made to the blockchain these block producers must approve it. If the block producers refuse to make changes desired by the token holders then they can be voted out. If the block producers make changes without permission of the token holders then all other non-producing full-node validators (exchanges, etc) will reject the change.
 
Upgrade process
The EOS.IO software defines the following process by which the protocol, as defined by the canonical source code and its constitution, can be updated:
  1. Block producers propose a change to the constitution and obtains 15/21 approval.
  2. Block producers maintain 15/21 approval of the new constitution for 30 consecutive days.
  3. All users are required to indicate acceptance of the new constitution as a condition of future transactions being processed.
  4. Block producers adopt changes to the source code to reflect the change in the constitution and propose it to the blockchain using the hash of the new constitution.
  5. Block producers maintain 15/21 approval of the new code for 30 consecutive days.
  6. Changes to the code take effect 7 days later, giving all non-producing full nodes 1 week to upgrade after ratification of the source code.
  7. All nodes that do not upgrade to the new code shut down automatically.
By default, configuration of the EOS.IO software, the process of updating the blockchain to add new features takes 2 to 3 months, while updates to fix non-critical bugs that do not require changes to the constitution can take 1 to 2 months.
 
Open-entry systems built around anonymous participation
To ensure bad actors can be identified and expelled the block.one backed community will not back an open-entry system built around anonymous participation.
Dan's quote:
"The only way to maintain the integrity of a community is for the community to have control over its own composition. This means that open-entry systems built around anonymous participation will have no means expelling bad actors and will eventually succumb to profit-driven corruption. You cannot use stake as a proxy for goodness whether that stake is held in a bond or a shareholder’s vote. Goodness is subjective and it is up to each community to define what values they hold as good and to actively expel people they hold has bad.
The community I want to participate in will expel the rent-seeking vote-buyers and reward those who use their elected broadcasting power for the benefit of all community members rather than special interest groups (such as vote-buyers). I have faith that such a community will be far more competitive in a market competition for mindshare than one that elects vote buyers."
 

Sources:

The Limits of Crypto-economic Governance
EOS.IO Technical White Paper v2
 

19. What is the most secure way to generate EOS key pairs?

 
Block producer candidates EOS Cafe and EOS New York have come forward to help the community with this topic.
The block producer candidate eosnewyork has kindly posted a tutorial on steemit detailing the steps that need to be taken to generate key pairs using the official code on the EOS.IO Github.
The block producer candidate eoscafe has gone a step further and released an Offline EOS Key Generator application complete with GUI for Windows, Linux & Mac. Not only can this application generate key pairs but it can also validate key pairs and resolve public keys from private keys. This application has also been vouched for by EOS New York
 

Sources:

EOS.IO Github
eosnewyork's key pair generation tutorial
eoscafe's offline key par generation application  
submitted by Techno-Tech to eos [link] [comments]

[QUESTION/DISCUSSION] (Sorry for stupid) question from a Bitcoiner: Am I correct that Monero does not enable triple entry accounting (as Bitcoin does)?

I am currently trying to gain a deeper understanding for the possibilities that Bitcoin gives us as the first functioning implementation of a triple entry accounting system. I strongly believe that this is yet another paradigm shift that Bitcoin is bringing about even though literally nobody is talking about it (yet).
-> https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Momentum_accounting_and_triple-entry_bookkeeping
Now I have not even made up my mind if this is a good thing or a bad thing. Forcing governments and corporations to provide absolute transparency sounds like a good thing to me, the possibility to demand that from the average citizen like myself though frightens me.
So from my (limited) understanding of Monero I assume that a transparently reporting triple entry accounting is not even possible using Monero's blockchain, even though Monero itself is such a system in itself.
Am I correct? Can one describe Monero as a system that relies on triple entry accounting on the inside but does not allow the accounting to be audited from outside?
Thanks for your thoughts!
PS: I may be a confessing Bitcoiner but I am not saying this or that one is better or not as good so please spare me the "maximalist" discussion. In fact I am a fan of Monero and I believe I even run the first bricks and mortar business that ever accepted Monero on the planet, just like Bitcoin.
submitted by joecoin to Monero [link] [comments]

[Unofficial] Request Network F.A.Q

Hi All,
I decided to build an Unofficial F.A.Q by the community, and for the community. Please note, that I am not a part of the Request team, and most of the answers to the questions have been taken from Whitepaper's/AMA from the Request Team. If there is anything erroneous in the FAQ please let me know. Also if you have any additional Questions and Answers you wish to add let me know and I will add it.
 
What real life solutions is Request trying to solve?  
"Request is a decentralized network that allows anyone to request a payment (a Request Invoice)for which the recipient can pay in a secure way. All of the information is stored in a decentralized authentic ledger. This results in cheaper, easier, and more secure payments, and it allows for a wide range of automation possibilities. To become the backbone of world trade, Request integrates a general ledger (in the accounting sense of the term), which is: - Universal because it is designed to support 100% of global transactions, regardless of currency, legislation or language. Request is built to last. - Smart because unlike an existing standard accounting book, Request is at the origin of the exchanges and integrates a computerized trade code, as well as the management of a multitude of payment terms. Today, their absence makes the whole system inefficient and absolutely unready for the digital and IoT (Internet Of Things) revolution that is taking place. Request can be seen as a layer on top of Ethereum , which allows requests for payments that satisfy a legal framework.It is also possible to see currencies as tools to complete Request transactions. In this sense, Request is more global than any currency"  
https://request.network/assets/pdf/request_whitepaper.pdf  
Also, here is a list of third parties involved or impacted by Request and the reasons why:  
Companies:​ ​Request brings an instant payment solution for suppliers, it facilitates payments (no need to send the invoice and payment conditions by email or by post). It also brings the traceability of payment (payment-related billing). Request brings a simplified payment solution for customers (known payment information), a cheaper system, and a more secure system.  
Individuals​: they can do simplified payments (payment information known, no need to initiate a payment anymore but only to validate a Request), a secure payment (unshared banking information), a cheaper payment (no need to go through a third party like Paypal, Stripe, Bitpay that takes between 1% and 7% charge)  
Billing​ ​software​: payment management, interoperability (common database used).  
Accounting​ ​software​: simplicity (automation), immutability (common database), accuracy, authenticity (a decrease in human errors), traceability of invoices and payments (reconciliation), triple-entry system.  
Audit​ ​firms​: a better support for audit, elimination or improvement of certain tests. States​ ​and​ ​Governments​: accuracy of tax declarations, reduction of fraud, money laundering, possibility of taxes collection in real time, transparency and legitimacy.  
Associations​ ​and​ ​NGOs​: transparency of their expenditure, legitimacy and trust.  
Citizens​: knowledge of government budgets and expenditures, transparency of institutions.  
Employees​: knowledge of financial health of a company.  
IoT​: Request provides a framework for inter-machines payment
https://request.network/assets/pdf/request_yellowpaper_smart_audits.pdf
 
What is the difference between Request and OmiseGO - "Request Network has been compared with OmiseGo, however, we have many differences and we are more complementary than competitors."
https://blog.request.network/omisego-vs-request-network-a-detailed-analysis-779d1f66675b
 
What is the Utility of the Request Token? Why Can't Request just use Ethereum for fee's? "While it is built on the blockchain ledger of Ethereum, Request aims to be independent from other currencies, monetary policies, or technological choices so that we build the most robust system possible. We believe this is the key to evolve through time with a growing community and develop an ecosystem around our framework where more DAPP (Decentralized applications) are created.
REQ tokens are ERC20 tokens which are necessary to participate in the network, create advanced Requests and reward various parties who will help build the request ecosystem. When using the network, the participants will need to pay a network fee in REQ which will be burned."
In addition to fee's, there will also be use case for Governance:
"Request will have to remain flexible and scalable, this being one of the major challenges of decentralized systems (as we can see with Bitcoin Segwit, or the Ethereum management of Ice age ...). We wish to separate the governance of our community from the one of Ethereum and avoid a sub-governance that would allow every Ethereum token holders to decide on the future of this community. . The REQ token will bring the community together and allow for discussions and votes on future decisions. The community will be a board and we will create the necessary tools for this administration: A voting system, but also probably a chat system restricted to only members of this board"
https://request.network/assets/pdf/request_whitepaper.pdf
 
When Bittrex?!?!?!?! This is a commonly asked question, I know that everyone hopes that REQ lands on Bittrex soon. Here was the response by the team:
"The confidentiality policies we have with exchanges are important to us and we want to respect them. We know how important exchanges are to the Request ecosystem and we will keep paying attention to them for the long-term vision of the project." https://blog.request.network/request-network-project-update-november-10th-2017-a57193780ddf
 
What is the purpose of the Token Burn? Think of REQ tokens like Gas for the Etheruem network. For each action that is conducted on the Ethereum Platform, gas is used for the fee's. This helps to keep the platform remain stable and prevent congestion. The same can be said for Request Network. "The Request Network requires the burning of tokens as part of the verification that a transaction has occurred." http://spec-rationality.com/request-network/#8Nov
The token burn will also adjust overtime and also reduce the circulating supply of tokens over time, making this very lucrative to early investors.
 
Won't Request eventually run out of Tokens if they are burned? REQ has 18 decimals so in theory if the price was incredibly high the fees could be as low as 0.00000000000000001 REQ per transaction which is incredibly low. It would take an extraordinarily long time (even with mass adoption) to be worrying about a lack of REQ tokens, even then a fork can happen.
 
When will Request Network Go Live? Q1 2018, the first iteration of Request working with Ethereum on Main Net will be live.
 
Who is Request Network's competition? What advantages does Request have over them?
Paypal - One of the largest worldwide online payments system, supporting online money transfers to anyone.
OmiseGo - Plasma decentralized exchange, hosting an open-source digital wallet platform from Omise, connecting mainstream payments, cross-border remittances, and much more. Fiat & crypto-friendly, cross-chain compatible, Ethereum-powered, and built on plasma.io) : MarketCap - 868 million
Populous(Invoice Discounting platform) : MarketCap - 467 million
MetalPay(Aims to be a Paypal for crypto): MarketCap - 93 million
Ten-X (Cryptocurrency payment platform that consists of a wallet, physical debit card, bank account, ATM access, and more). Marketcap - 250 million
Monetha(Mix of Paypal and TrustPilot) : Market Cap had went up to 80 million, but has dropped significantly to 14 million.
Paypie(Credit risk assement/Blockchain Accounting) : MarketCap - 66 million
What makes Request different? Request is platform that developers can build decentralized apps for salary management, financial, invoicing and auditing services, to name a few. A 'decentralized Paypal' is only one of it's many use cases. A employer using 'Continuous Payments' to pay their employees every day, instead of every two weeks is another use case. Crowdfunding, donations, loans, are more use cases. Request has provided a mind map for all of the developments possible on top of Request once the Core protocol is finished by the team. It can be viewed here: https://blog.request.network/request-network-project-update-november-24th-2017-tech-ecosystem-request-core-kyber-network-b760637eba9b
Several of the competitors are limited to only one or a few use cases. Also most of the competition is not an open platform like Request, and won't allow third parties to build app's on the platform. Think of Request as 'Ethereum' but for financial applications. In regards to Paypal, the fee's will be very minimal, and if Request is integrated into sites like Amazon, Overstock, etc, this will make Request a huge threat to Paypal.
  Also, you may have heard Paypal was compromised. Request will protect the end user by keeping their payment details private and secure. http://www.foxbusiness.com/markets/2017/12/01/paypal-says-personal-data-may-be-compromised-for-1-6-million-tio-users.amp.html
 
What is Colossus and why is it important? Colossus is the first deliverable of the Request Network. Prior to Colossus, there has not been a release. This release will seperate Request from other hyped ico's with no product. This will also give developers access to the Request API's allowing them to build decentralized applications on top of the platform.
 
What previous Projects have the team worked on, and were they successful? The most recent project the team worked on was Moneytis. Moneytis was well reviewed and has proven profitiable for the team, making it a success. More details found here: https://www.reddit.com/RequestNetwork/comments/7eihg9/moneytis_the_project_the_team_launched_before/
 
What's the difference between Request and existing invoice programs, such as FreshBook and Paypal? The first thing is decentralisation - as Request is built on Ethereum everything is stored on an immutable and authentic ledger - no third parties, no centralised company that could get hacked + leak your information, it's a self serving fully transparent service. Request is a platform it isn't just an 'invoicing' app / website. It's an entire platform which will have a huge ecosystem, the best way to see the scale of the platform is to look at: https://www.mindmeister.com/991002501?t=R1iofDilV0 Just scrolling through the mindmap will give you a nice idea of the scale and reach of the platform. Request is currency agnostic meaning it will work with any currency both FIAT and crypto. Here is a good resource to understand how Request will branch into accounting, audits and payments: https://blog.request.network/how-request-will-take-the-blockchain-into-the-industry-of-accounting-audit-and-payments-f46815d08cb6 Here is another good resource which outlines the benefit of using something like Request from a business' perspective: https://blog.request.network/using-the-request-network-protocol-to-pay-online-in-any-crypto-currencies-a59fcce12034
 
Why has the team stopped working on Moneytis? The team has 'pivoted' from Moneytis, to focus on Request. "A pivot is healthy in the life of a startup and shows that you can stay focused on what is really needed by the customers. In our case, the real need of people who transferred money internationally was always to pay an invoice (or a request) and we had to solve the problem at the root." https://blog.request.network/request-network-project-update-november-10th-2017-a57193780ddf
 
Where and how can I buy Request tokens? An excellent post has been created here detailing on how you can buy Request tokens.
https://www.reddit.com/RequestNetwork/comments/7gewy6/how_to_buy_req_request_network_token/
 
What is Y-Combinator, and why is Request being backed by them a good thing? Y-Combinator is the top accelerator in the world. They have backed Reddit, Coinbase, Dropbox, Airbnb, Docker and several more successful startups. Y-Combinator has an acceptance rate that is lower than Harvard, so investors in Request can rest assured that the team is competent and this is not a 'scam'. Also being backed by YC makes Request Network a part of strong network of over 1000 startups. Request Network can be found in the list of YC backed companies here: http://yclist.com/
 
Why is the partnership with Kyber Network a Big Deal? "The partnership with Kyber allows the Request Network to never require the Requestor or the Payer to hold any Request tokens or participate in manual cryptocurrency conversions, as this is all automated by the Request Contract. This is very important as Request’s focus has always been to ensure that they are expanding on their ability to reach the widest possible userbase. Eliminating the requirement to ever hold Request tokens for both the Requestor and the Payer, the Request Network becomes more accessible" http://spec-rationality.com/request-network/#29Nov
 
Why should I invest in Request? What makes this a better option than other Cryptocurrencies? The way investors typically make a lot of money in cryptocurrecy is by investing in "undervalued cryptocurrencies". What is meant by undervalued? Undervalued typically means a crypto with a small to medium Marketcap (Request at the time of this writing is around 45 million, most of Request's competition is valued over 100 million) with a great team, great idea and clear roadmap. Request meets the criteria of having a medium market cap with a great team and vision. Request will probably be in the 100's of million marketcap by next year if the team can deliver and form partnerships. This makes Request an excellent crypto to invest in for the next few months.
 
Does Request have it's own blockchain? Request is an ERC20 token built on the Ethereum blockchain, it doesn't use it's own blockchain.
 
What is the connection with ING bank, how did they get involved and it what way do they support the project? "ING is an early backer and advises the team frequently. We share common interests and we will see if the executive department of ING is interested in working with Request in the future." https://blog.request.network/request-network-project-update-november-10th-2017-a57193780ddf
 
Why should I hold request network tokens? Do i need them to utilize the tech? If you are a developer planning build a Gateway, yes you will need tokens to cover the fee's. From an End User perspective, you will not have to worry about purchasing Request tokens. From an Investor perspective, holding tokens may be very lucrative if Request Network grows, which will cause a higher demand for the tokens, which will in turn cause the value of the tokens to increase.
submitted by mbrown913 to RequestNetwork [link] [comments]

INTRODUCING UNIVERSAL BASIC INCOME

WHITE PAPER
INTRODUCING UNIVERSAL BASIC INCOME
Ljubomir Stankov,
Dr. Mariana Todorova

Executive summary
We suggest a social financial system where inflation is transformed into basic income using blockchain technology. We believe that the universal basic income is inevitable because of the growing optimization, robotization and automation in almost every sector of our society, which probably will lead to disappearing of numerous jobs. The programmable nature of blockchain technology enables the introduction of a fair way to create a basic income. The idea is to issue a blockchain-based token (cryptocurrency) – named by us ‘Bincome’ (from basic income) –that is programmed with a negative interest in currency board with a fiat currency 1:1(or Bitcoin). The fairness is in the financing of the basic income, which will come not from the social/societal consumption, but from the storage of means/value.

The idea is based on several inspirations:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/W%C3%B6rgl#The\Wörgl_Experiment)
http://www.lietaer.com/2010/03/the-worgl-experiment/
https://www.wir.ch/
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/WIR\Bank)
Our idea is a blend of the above listed components. Intellectual property law allows the introduction of the proposed technology. It will be open source and everyone willing to collaborate is welcome.

Issues and needs addressed
The project will satisfy the need to fund the universal basic income in an alternative, up-to-date way/fashion. We will use a digital triple entry accounting system simulating inflation through a negative interest rate algorithm and distribute daily basic income to consumers/users. The system will work on a currency board with the fiat money, thus making money continuously secured and circulating in the economy. The “Bincomes” will not be subject to cash withdrawal. Each consume user will receive basic income daily, and if they do not spend it, they will not receive a new transaction the next day.
Why do we think it will work? The Wörgl’s experiment provides sufficient proof that this system works. Although there was no notion of basic income back at that time, the principle was the same. Currently, there is also an acting bank in Switzerland that has been working on the Gesell model for the last 80 years. The existence of WIR bank shows that our theory is implementable and that our social monetary system can be put in force. The universal basic income can give freedom to people to be full-fledged individuals.

Innovation in the idea
The main innovation is to digitize inflation and utilize it to fund basic income in an automated way on daily basis. The aim is to transform inflation into basic income. This innovation will allow the social functions of the state to be transferred directly into the financial system. The current financial system has been existing for quite a long time. However, what we are trying to do is to introduce it in an entirely new pattern. The idea is to upgrade it to the point of digitalization and opportunities for introduction of a tax for the storage of the value of the money. That new tax might seem as inflation, work as inflation but this money will be at our disposal at any time as they will be floating into the system.

Step by step the idea will be implemented in the following way:
  1. White paper for the Bincome proposition.
  2. Consultations with cryptographers and software experts
  3. Pricing of the product - the financing needed for the blockchain developers
  4. Search for investors
  5. Developing/prototyping the entire system
  6. Legal consultations on the legal framework for launching Bincome money
  7. Experiment - system test

Delivery Plan
Technical development and prototype.
We already have a white paper and we are ready to kick-off developing the project. We need to have an institutional support to start the experiment. By the end of 2018 we assume that we will have the software to run the experiment.

Detailed story of the idea
Creating digital currency with built-in negative interest (inflation) that is distributed among all users in the form of daily basic income. Money will be secured with a currency board and will be "uploaded" to a digital public accounting ledger - blockchain. This system will work in parallel with the fiat currency by contributing to the social functions of separate state/s.
The idea embodies a multitude of advantages. The first and most important one is that it is directed at the level of the individual. The problem that Bincome technology aims to address is related to the basic needs of each citizen, making sure that all these needs are covered.
The next issue that Bincome concerns is the assumption of labor market disintegration in the foreseeable future in Europe and worldwide. The suggested solutions aim to increase the potential of the individuals and to tackle the expected changes in the labor and social structures of our age.
Such a decision would also lead to a number of other secondary benefits. Taking into account the current status quo, we claim that the digitalization of economy is one of the most appropriate and adequate financial measurements.
Another advantage of Bincome is the potential reduction of the risks associated with low-profile domestic crime. Apart from contributing to human equality and reducing certain potential risks, the other specific problem that Bincome aims to solve is the mechanism of how basic income can be funded.
Bincome suggests that this should happen by introducing a blockchain based on a monetary/financial system that functions in a currency board with the existing currency systems. A small percentage of the total money volume of a certain economy is needed. In this digital system, we propose to set a negative interest rate algorithm based on Silvio Gesell's model. It considers the daily negative interest as funding back the accounts of all users in the system. The whole system will work on a blockchain upon an existing network. Bincome will circulate without removing the functions of the central banks. Each Bincome will be pegged 1: 1 with the official currency issued by the central bank. The creation of a new Bincome will therefore be associated with an initial available fund of state issued currency. The creation of a new Bincome will be possible through a private initiative or through the state.
In the first case, private interest may want to use the Bincome network. In this hypothesis, the amount it feeds into the network represents a counter number of Bincomes. In the next hypothesis, a state takes action to decentralize its social functions using Bincome technology. The analogy is the same, as the amount that enters is pegged.
The Bincome Network will work distributing every day basic income just as much as it takes from the negative interest rate of Bincomes in circulation.

The formula for calculating the cash volume in the basic income system is as follows:
(100/daily negative interest rate) × daily basic income × population = money in the system
By integrating a parallel digital monetary system, we address another major problem - introducing basic income without disturbing the business climate in a working economy. The negative interest rate will be extracted mainly from the businesses as they are representing pools of capital. But businesses will not lose, because the percentage of the negative rate will go directly in benefit to all participants in the Bincome network. In that way business funds itself, as customers will be able to come back the next day. This network can work mainly for fast exchanging businesses and it is not applicable for slow tradable goods.

Contact details:
Lyubomir Stankov / Bincome (owner of the project),
Member of the Bulgarian Bitcoin Association; Member of Mensa
email: [[email protected]](mailto:[email protected]), tel. +359877865518
address: Bulgaria, Sofia, Illinden bl. 114, entr. B, fl. 3 ap.37

Dr. Mariana Todorova, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences (R&D),
Chair of The Millennium Project Node in Bulgaria
email: [mariana_g_[email protected]](mailto:[email protected]), tel.:+359 886698929
address: Bulgaria, Sofia, 1618
9 Ljublina Str., fl.3, ap.5

Mois Natan, (blockchain consultant)
email:[email protected]​ , tel.: +359 876766115
address: Bulgaria, Sofia1202
32 Maria Luisa Blvd. ​

Link:
https://docs.google.com/document/d/1v0EsQTbHsOErPXnzKqYdTvd96Yy0vLiwOSzeBlGrvNQ/edit?usp=sharing
submitted by AlximikA to BasicIncome [link] [comments]

Why Bitcoin still blows my mind, more than a year after working with it full time.

Apologies for the long wall of text.
Before I start talking about Bitcoin technology, let's talk about our existing payment technologies today.
What is available for us to use to purchase things or services online, or to transfer money across borders “instantly”? We have Credit cards, debit cards, paypal, banks, and others, which are all either systems built on credit and/or rely on a “trusted third party”. Paypal was the last real “innovation” in finance, yet you still need a credit card or bank account to use it.
Consider again the fact that nobody in the world can transact online or across borders with another party without the express consent of a middle man or insitution, whose sole job is to make sure they know who is sending the funds and know who is receiving the funds, know where they live, and in a lot of cases, know what they eat, where they shop, how much they send, etc., etc.
And of course, they are also there to make sure the transfer is not fradulent, is secure, and will not lead to any nefarious activities like money laundering or terrorism - Yet fraud and theft is still a major problem and costs the industry tens of billions of dollars each year, money laundering happens most in the largest banks, and terrorism is a bigger problem today more than ever.
You cannot send money to another person if the bank is still closed, the neighborhood western union staff is on a lunch break, the moneygram system is “down”, or if you don't have the prerequisite requirements to own a credit card so that you can open a Paypal account.
The "trusted third party" has the power to deny you from receiving your money, freeze your account artbitrarily, prevent you from sending money to someone based on their geographical location, and prevent your business from receiving funds because it doesnt agree with their standards of morality.
The financial systems of today can hardly be described as “Free”, both in terms of cost, and in terms of actual freedom.
Enter Bitcoin and the Blockchain.
You have a technology that allows two independent parties to transact with each other, anytime, anywhere, any amount, and with privacy. The two parties never need to wait for a bank to open, never need to wait for more than a few minutes, never need to ask permission, and never have to worry that their acccount will be frozen.
The receiver doesn't even have to acknowledge the sender! You can send money to someone, and know for sure, in seconds, that they received it, and nobody can deny that the transaction happened. You can send money to someone across the world, be the only person to know about it, yet still be guaranteed it arrived at your receiver's account. Even if the recipient is asleep, they'll receive it in their custody. They never need to "pick it up" and prove their identity to someone to get it.
You have a technology that enables triple-entry bookkeeping and consolidation in real time. No need to wait days or weeks later and find out that you have to pay someone back because they claim fraud, and no need to worry that the merchant will not deliver the goods after you have paid them (with multisig escrow).
You have a system of instant settlement between two parties with no third party involved.
You never have to worry if the transcation was fradulent, or the money itself was counterfeit. You can even take the whole human element out of the way and have machines communicate and transact with each other, automating payments and removing the middle man out of the equation totally.
It is hard to overstate the importance of true economic and financial freedom. Bitcoin and the Blockchain does this programatically and agnostically, and does it for no other reason, political or otherwise, other than the fact that it was designed to do so.
It is a tool that, if used properly, will have profound implications in the world of finance, commerce, governance, and everything else in between.
The more I understand it, the more my mind is blown wide open. I've been in this industry full-time for over a year now, and not a day goes by that I am not staggered by the possibilities of a world where money flows as freely as information, everyone can participate in the economy, and where economic freedom is actually a possible reality.
TL;DR: With Bitcoin technology, you never need to ask permission to exercise your right to economic freedom.
submitted by Godfreee to Bitcoin [link] [comments]

Lest We forget and why we are confident: here are a few Ethereum Fundamentals. A reminder for newcomers and old hands.

Worth repeating every now and then. Welcome again to any one new in the past few months.
More on Ethereum DApps in 2017/2018. "Looking forward to Balanc3 Triple Entry Accounting Benefactory BoardRoom Blockchain Governance Colony DGX Gold EtherLoan Etherisc FileCoin Gnosis Golem OTONOMOS SafeMarket Singular DTV StabL Status Ujo Music Virtue Poker WeiFund and others." https://media.consensys.net/2017-blockchain-predictions-dcc38066a937#.7tdjj0trf
And finally this: "I am a confident that “The Flippening” will occur and if you are new to the concept, I am glad to introduce you to the idea. Currently six of the top 20 digital assets by market cap exist on the Ethereum network. There will be a time in the near future where Bitcoin is no longer the dominant “coin” or blockchain, this will likely happen sooner than most expect… and Ethereum will be the one to take its place. This idea does not come from hope, nor love; it comes from logic." https://medium.com/@theDAOKING/the-flippening-how-i-learned-to-stop-loving-bitcoin-663e5db40707#.r79vkq7f1
submitted by yesono to ethtrader [link] [comments]

Regarding Ethereum fundamentals: for anyone new who is interested

Posted again for anyone new here: welcome all.
From a Maker post some time back; " The core value proposition of Ethereum can be summarized with a single word: Synergy."
The result of this inherent synergy is an unbeatable network effect in accordance with Metcalfe's law. Every time a VC or a banker asks me which blockchains are interesting to look at in the industry, I tell them the same thing: Ethereum has already won. It has reached critical mass and become what can best be described as an unstoppable, ever growing snowball.
More on Ethereum DApps in 2017/2018.
"Looking forward to Balanc3 Triple Entry Accounting Benefactory BoardRoom Blockchain Governance Colony DGX Gold EtherLoan Etherisc FileCoin Gnosis Golem OTONOMOS SafeMarket Singular DTV StabL Status Ujo Music Virtue Poker WeiFund and others."
https://media.consensys.net/2017-blockchain-predictions-dcc38066a937#.7tdjj0trf
And this quote from Brian Armstrong:
" Bitcoin may surprise me and scale (I hope I’m wrong). As we wait to see, an opportunity has emerged for other protocols to fill the payment network gap. Ethereum seems the most likely candidate for this at the moment. It continues to attract a number of good engineers to work on the protocol and build applications (an important leading indicator) and if proof-of-stake is successful this year, it will be a major computer science breakthrough providing a sustainable advantage. ICOs (people raising money on the blockchain) show no signs of slowing down, and Ethereum makes it very easy to issue new tokens for this purpose. I think new tokens built on top of Ethereum will find all sorts of use cases, from virtual worlds to prediction markets. "
And finally this:
"I am a confident that “The Flippening” will occur and if you are new to the concept, I am glad to introduce you to the idea. Currently six of the top 20 digital assets by market cap exist on the Ethereum network. There will be a time in the near future where Bitcoin is no longer the dominant “coin” or blockchain, this will likely happen sooner than most expect… and Ethereum will be the one to take its place. This idea does not come from hope, nor love; it comes from logic."
https://medium.com/@theDAOKING/the-flippening-how-i-learned-to-stop-loving-bitcoin-663e5db40707#.r79vkq7f1
submitted by yesono to ethtrader [link] [comments]

Decentralized VPS platform open to the public

I built a decentralized virtual machine platform in an effort to deliver the cloud that I had envisioned when I first heard the term.
This is an open platform and anyone can participate. Just like any other cloud provider consumers can buy virtual machines and block storage. On this platform however you can also sell virtual machine instances and block storage as a contributor of server hardware. We act as the Internet service provider and supply the networking glue that makes it possible for a server sitting in your house, garage or datacenter to run virtual machines that participate in our encrypted network fabric.
We make money by taking a small commission on sales and by charging for the IP transit we provide. We are responsible for building out a global network of peering points and handling IP prefix advertisement for thousands of public and private network fabrics. NOC support and abuse reports are handled no differently than any other ISP.
Consumers creating new virtual machines can search for providers based on hardware features and historical metrics for reputation, uptime, cpu, memory, iops, latency and throughput. If a contributor has to take their server offline then all consumer virtual machines and block storage can be live migrated to any server connected to our fabric with no downtime.
Contributors net boot our Linux distribution using a bootable USB key. Upon booting a unique identity is created and registers with our system. Our web administration interface allows you to claim these servers and bind them to your account. Then you determine if you want the server to be part of your own private cloud fabric or if you want anyone to be able to rent your resources on the public cloud fabric. You can also choose to do both, have your own private cloud but also monetize your under utilized servers and rent your excess capacity to the public.
Over the last year a few dozen people have been helping me test this platform during it's development. I've received positive feedback and it's time to invite the public to submit applications for the first phase of our beta round. Core services are production ready and battle tested but subject to a more frequent maintenance cycle. Once we enter the second phase of beta testing we will be accepting applications for server contributors.
You can submit beta applications and other questions to the following;
[email protected]
I'm looking for help with continued development. If you feel you could contribute to this project, please contact me at the address listed above. I plan on accepting applications for full time positions in the near future.
The goal of this project is to bring the "mining" model to the virtualization space and encourage anyone, including existing cloud providers put servers on our fabric and openly compete in a free market. Running our distribution eliminates all of the configuration and time required to setup a sophisticated cloud infrastructure and significantly lowers the barrier of entry to becoming a cloud provider. Anyone with a good server and fast unlimited internet can boot, register and list their server resources for rent in under 5 minutes. Your only responsibility is to make sure it stays connected and powered on and offer prices that are competitive with similar offerings.
To seed the initial foot print of the network, I setup two locations. Each location has four servers on dedicated fiber. Each site can easily achieve gigabit speeds to their peering points and communicate with each other over 10 GbE. One location is on the US West coast and the other is on the US East coast. These servers represent our initial fabric capacity and I plan to add 2 to 3 more servers in 2 or 3 more locations as the need arrises. The resources total;
Here are some features that differ from typical services;
Here are some features I'm still working on;
Initial pricing during the beta period is;
For example;
I know the current data transfer cost is too high. I'm working on lowering it, as soon as I setup more peering arrangements the cost should come down drastically. Only internet ingress and egress count towards data transfer accounting. All internal traffic is unmetered and free of charge, even if the traffic spans multiple servers in different locations. Instances without a public address are given private addresses and have no data transfer limits both internally between instances and externally to the Internet.
Pricing for highly available instances depends on the level of redundancy. So if you want your data replicated in to exist in 3 different locations then your price is simply triple the single instance price. If a location suddenly goes offline your instance can be restarted on closest location that has your replicated data. If failure is eminent your instance will be live migrated with no downtime.
Future contributors would probably like to know what kind of hardware requirements to expect;
The the current minimum;
These are optional, but highly recommended;
All pricing is subject to change, I only expect prices to go down. Eventually when we come out of beta, pricing will follow the free market as contributors will be able to set their price and compete with other contributing cloud providers on a level playing field.
Please comment, I'm looking for feedback.
submitted by decentralized-cloud to Cloud [link] [comments]

Blockchain: What Accountants Need to Know - presented by Gary Boomer 7/11/2018 Blockchain and Triple Entry Accounting -البلوك تشين والقيد الثلاثي للمحاسبة Triple-Entry Accounting ile Ekonomi'de Yeni Devir! The Bitcoin Innovation of Triple Entry Bookkeeping Blockchain in Accounting  Triple Entry Accounting

Die doppelte Buchführung wird dabei mittels des sogenannten Triple Entry Accounting abgelöst bzw. erweitert. Dieses Verfahren. bindet die Buchhaltung sämtlicher involvierter Transaktionsteilnehmer mit ein, erfüllt die doppelte Buchführung und; trägt die Vorgänge - quasi als dritte Buchung – zusätzlich in einer Art gemeinsamen Kontosystemen, dem Shared Ledger bzw. der Blockchain ein ... Triple Entry Accounting. Using a blockchain in the context of a consortium of businesses can provide reliable accounting between firms. If a number of organisations need to access, share and update accounts in the context of a business relationship, they can benefit from using a distributed ledger. As a result, business can advance beyond traditional Double Entry book-keeping and use Triple ... The Bitcoin white paper published on October 31, 2008. Basically Nakamoto invented the triple-entry accounting system or essentially gave the theory life. Triple-entry bookkeeping is far, far more ... Triple entry accounting is an enhancement to the traditional double entry system in which all accounting entries involving outside parties are cryptographically sealed by a third entry. These include purchases of inventory and supplies, sales, tax and utility payments and other expenses. Placed side by side, the bookkeeping entries of both parties to a given transaction are congruent. A seller ... NEED FOR TRIPLE ENTRY ACCOUNTING Modern financial accounting is based on a double entry system, wherein you do two entries in your books for each transaction so as to minimize errors. The issue with double entry accounting is that there is not rea...

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Blockchain: What Accountants Need to Know - presented by Gary Boomer 7/11/2018

Binance СЕО: Bitcoin price prediction & Givе Awaу BTC Binance Exchange 5,393 watching Live now Blockchain Might Remake Accounting - Tom Hood Discusses Big Data and Blockchain Technology BLI ... Tech Talk'da bu hafta Furkan Yılmaz bize Bitcoin'in de kullandığı Triple-Entry Accounting sistemini ve ekonomideki yerini anlattı. Furkan Yilmaz: thellimist.com Görüş ve sorularınızı ... What is Blockchain? How Blockchain affects accounting? What is triple entry accounting? What you will learn: 1. Who is Luca Facioli? 2. Who is the Father of ... Take the full course: https://systemsinnovation.io/course/ Follow along with the eBook: https://systemsinnovation.io/books/ Twitter: http://bit.ly/2JuNmXX Li... Blockchain Might Remake Accounting - Tom Hood Discusses Big Data and Blockchain Technology BLI - Duration: 34:56. Business Learning Institute 18,258 views 34:56

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